From: "C Crowther"
Subject: Re: [LONGCANE] Notes on Ezekiel Calhoun (abt. 1720-May 1762)
Date: Thu, 12 Mar 2009 13:25:31 -0400
I continue to look for clues to the burial places for William Calhoun
(~1726-~1790), his wife Agnes Long Calhoun ~1729-1794, his son Ezekial C.
1770-1817, and Ezekial's wife, Frances Hamilton 1772-1851
Any leads sincerely appreciated
----- Original Message -----
From: "William Lindsey"
Sent: Wednesday, March 11, 2009 9:04 AM
Subject: [LONGCANE] Notes on Ezekiel Calhoun (abt. 1720-May 1762)
I tried posting these notes yesterday, and apparently the posting did not go
through. So I'll try again now. These are more notes for the use of the
list. They are about Ezekiel Calhoun, son of Patrick Calhoun and Catherine
A brief biography of Ezekiel Calhoun is in Mary B. Kegley,
EARLY ADVENTURERS ON THE WESTERN WATERS, vol. 3, pt. 2 (Marceline, MO:
Walsworth, 1995), pp. 597-8. This states
that he was b. abt. 1720 in Ireland ,
m. Jean Ewing, and had children John Ewing, Patrick, Ezekiel, Mary, and
Kegley notes previously (p. 594) that Ezekiel Calhoun was
granted adm. of his father's estate, along with brother Wm., on 4 May 1743,
with final settlement a year later. See notes
on Patrick Calhoun (husband of Catherine Montgomery) on this.
Margaret Ewing Fife, EWING IN EARLY AMERICA, part 1
(Atlanta, 1995), says that Ezekiel Calhoun and Jean/Jane Ewing m. in 1743-4,
perhaps at Chestnut Level in Lancaster Co., PA (p. 144).
Previously, Kegley had also noted that Ezekiel Calhoun
accompanied his mother, four brothers, and sister Mary Noble to Augusta
(later Wythe) Co. , VA, bef. Oct. 1745, settling on Reed
Creek, where the family chose lands still regarded as among the finest in
county (p. 594). The Woods River Entry
Book shows Ezekiel Calhoun buying 500 acres at the location later known as
Kenton plantation, owned by the Kent
family until the turn of the century (citing Augusta Co. Survey Bk. 1; Pat.
30, p. 512; Pat Bk. 31, p. 239; Woods River Entry Book, Filson Club, KY;
Augusta DB 12, p. 182).
The Andrea Collection file 128, p. 5, cites a 15 Sept. 1846
letter of John C. Calhoun to James Edward Calhoun which discusses the
residence in Wythe Co. This says that
the letter is to John C. Calhoun's son James Edward; but note that the
refers to the recipient's father as if the father is an uncle of John C.
Calhoun. The letter notes that John C.
Calhoun had been at Wytheville, remaining 2 days to visit the "ancient
residence of our family" on Reed Creek. John C. Calhoun notes that it was
now in possession of some wealthy and
respectable families connected to the Calhouns through the Montgomerys .
In file 134, p. 88, Andrea says that this letter was to a cousin of John
C. Calhoun named James Edward?evidently the James Edward Calhoun who was son
John Ewing Colhoun.
Note that John C. Calhoun was doubly connected to this
Calhoun family, since he married a cousin, Floride Bonneau Colhoun, daughter
John Ewing Colhoun, who was a son of Ezekiel.
Kegley, WYTHE CO., VA, A BICENTENNIAL HISTORY (Wytheville,
1989), p. 19, has a picture of the land on Reed Creek claimed by Ezekiel
Calhoun in Wythe Co. This notes that the
land was excellent, and later belonged to Joseph Kent and then to George W.
Simmerman, from whom it passed to B.C. Umberger in 1984.
In Sept. 1746, James Patton brought suit vs. the Calhoun
brothers, accusing them of being "divulgers of false news to the great
detriment of the Inhabitants of the Colony" (Kegley, p. 596)--see file of
Ezekiel Calhoun's brother James on this. After this, Patton appears to have
named the Calhoun section of Augusta
(later Wythe) Co. as the Valley of Contention and Strife, or the trace of
and Self-Concete (citing Preston Family of VA Papers, folder 25, file 60,
Library of Congress; Augusta Order Bk. 1, p. 113; and Survey Bk. 1).
Nov. 1746: Ezekiel Calhoun was appointed with brothers William and Patrick
work the road from Reed Creek to Eagle Bottom and to the top of the ridge
parting the waters of New River and the south fork of Roanoke, with brother
James as overseer (Augusta Order Bk. 1, p. 129 and A.S. Salley, Jr., "The
Calhoun Family of SC," SC HIST. AND GENEAL. 7 (1906), 81-98; in Gene
Waddell, ed., SC GENEALOGIES: ARTICLES FROM SC HIST. (AND GENEAL.) MAG.,
[ Spartanburg :
Reprint Co., 1983], p. 249). The
contention continued into the 1750s--see file of Ezekiel Calhoun's brother
Kegley also notes that in 1750, Wythe Co. Order Bks. show
that a road was built from Ezekiel Calhoun's on Reed Creek to the New River
(Augusta Order Bk. 1, p. 130; OB 2, pp. 371,
501). Salley?s ?Calhoun Family? (p. 250)
says that this road order was on 23 May 1750, citing Order Bk. 3, p. 371.
Fife (p. 144) says that
Ezekiel Calhoun and wife Jean/Jane wit. the sale of land by Robert and Mary
Ewing to Benjamin Sterrett in Lunenburg Co., VA, on 24 Jan. 1755 (DB 7,
182-7). According to Fife, Ezekiel
Calhoun's brother-in-law Robert Gillespie (m. Frances Ewing) and other
from Lancaster Co., PA, and Cecil Co., MD, in the 1740s, stopping in the
Caldwell settlement before
a number of the Gillespies and Ewings settled in Amelia and Prince Edward
VA. Note that Ezekiel Calhoun's brother
Patrick m. Martha Caldwell, dau. of Wm. Caldwell of Cub Creek in Charlotte
Co. , VA.
According to Andrea (file 128, p. 7), before moving to SC,
the Calhoun family first settled in Mecklenburg Co., NC, in the Waxhaws
vicinity, though, as Andrea notes, Salley says that the Calhouns went
from VA to SC. Andrea cites Logan,
McCready, and "other SC historians." He notes that McCready's history of SC
states that from 1755-60, the
Jacksons, Calhouns, and Pickens all went to the Waxhaws, and that following
Long Canes massacre, Patrick, brother of Ezekiel Calhoun, returned to the
Waxhaws to marry a dau. of Rev. Alexander Craighead.
Bobby F. Edmonds, THE MAKING OF MCCORMICK CO. (McCormick,
SC: Cedar Hill, 1999), says that following Braddock's defeat in the French
Indian War, the Indians, allied with the French, began attacking the
Scotch-Irish on the frontiers, and to escape, five Scotch-Irish families
including the Calhouns and Nobles went down the Great Wagon Road from VA to
Waxhaws (p. 13). According to Edmonds, a
band of hunters then convinced them to visit the Long Canes, where they
in Feb. 1756, settling east of Long Cane where they built a fort called Ft.
Long Canes, less than a mile from present Long Cane A.R.P. church and 2
west of Troy (ibid.). Edmonds
says that before the end of the year the Calhouns crossed the creek and
relocated a few miles to the north of the Flatwoods on Little River near
present Mt. Carmel (ibid.).
Note that a 26 March 1848 letter of Francis Wilkinson
Pickens, grandson of Ezekiel Calhoun, to Charles H. Allen of Abbeville,
that after the Long Cane massacre, in 1761 Ezekiel Calhoun fled with his
to the Waxhaws, the nearest white settlement, for protection (the letter is
transcribed in John H. Logan, A HISTORY OF THE UPPER COUNTRY OF SC, vol. 2
SC: Southern Hist. P., 1980], pp. 94-7). According to this letter, this is
Gen. Andrew Pickens, who lived there, met Ezekiel Calhoun's daughter
Similar information is in Monroe Pickens, COUSIN MONROE'S
HISTORY OF THE PICKENS FAMILY (1951), p. 40, which says that when the Long
massacre occurred in 1760, Ezekiel Calhoun escaped with his family to the
Waxhaw settlement where his daughter Rebecca, then 15, met Andrew Pickens,
husband-to-be. This notes that the
family returned to Long Cane in 1763 after the Indians had been driven
away. But note that this would have been
after Ezekiel Calhoun's death, per his estate records.
According to Kegley (p. 597), Ezekiel Calhoun accompanied
his brothers and mother when the family left Wythe Co. in 1756 to move to
Abbeville Co., SC, due to Indian disturbances on the VA frontier. The
family arrived in SC in Feb., according
to a letter of John C. Calhoun (Salley, ?Calhoun Family of SC,? cites the
letter without providing a date for it, p. 251, and citing GULF STATES HIST.
MAG. 1 ). David Ramsay, HISTORY OF SC (Newberry:
W.J. Duffie, 1858), ch. 4 ("Settlement of the Back Country"), has
information about the post-1755 settlement of Carolina backcountry. This
notes that the defeat of Braddock in
1755 exposed the frontiers of PA, MD, and VA to danger, causing movement of
settlers southward. Ramsay notes that
the Calhoun family were among the first settlers of the Long Cane region.
Long Cane homepage at Rootsweb maintained by Lynne Bernard has published the
According to Lester W. Ferguson, ABBEVILLE CO.: SOUTHERN
LIFESTYLES LOST IN TIME (Spartanburg: The Reprint Co., 1993), p. 13, the
settlement at Long Cane was a thorn in the side of the Cherokee, who saw it
a violation of boundary treaties. Ferguson attributes the
massacre to an incident on the VA frontier in which some Indian warriors
killed by English settlers; in retaliation, the Cherokee plotted to attack
Long Cane settlement. Ferguson says that a legend maintains that an
Indian maiden rode horseback to the Long Cane settlement to warn the
of the impending attack. According to Ferguson , after assembling at the
church, the settlers set out for Augusta ,
and became stalled on a slope which was impassable due to winter rains.
They were making preparations to spend the
night there when attacked.
A 21 Nov. 1847 letter of John C. Calhoun to Charles H. Allen
says that the land on Long Cane was beautiful and fertile, without
and with all the fertile areas covered by cane breaks, from which the area
its name (the letter is transcribed in Logan ,
cited above). The letter also notes that
the land had been obtained from the Cherokee, who lived about 16 or 17 miles
away. The region was also full of game, including deer and buffalo,
to the letter. John C. Calhoun also
notes that it was Braddock's defeat that drove his family from VA. His
letter also provides a detailed account
of the Long Cane massacre.
Orval O. Cahoun, 800 YEARS OF COLQUHOUN, COLHOUN, CALHOUN,
AND CAHOON FAMILY HISTORY (Baltimore: Gateway, 1976), says that Ezekiel
had a grant for 350 acres on 11 July 1756--evidently on Long Cane (p. 174).
According to the Leonardo Andrea Calhoun file (#128, p.
138), SC Council Journals for 6 June 1758 show Ezekiel Calhoun petitioning
brothers Wm. and Patrick for land grants; Ezekiel Calhoun petitioned for
of 150 acres and 350 acres on Long Cane.
Both tracts were granted 22 Jan. 1759 (SC Grant Bk. 9,
7-8). The grant for the 350-acre tract
describes it as Spring Hill on nw fork of Long Cane. The grant for the
150-acre tract describes it
as Rock Spring on Long Cane.
Plats for both tracts are in the John C. Calhoun papers at
the South Caroliniana library; I have copies
from that collection. The 350-acre tract
was warranted on 6 June 1758, surveyed on 11 July by Patrick Calhoun,
Oct. and granted on 17 Nov., recorded in Book 6, f. 382. The plat notes
that the land was called
Spring Hill and was on nw fork of Long Cane.
The plat for the 150 acres states it was warranted on 6 June
1758, surveyed 21 July by Pat. Calhoun, entered 4 Oct., and granted 17 Nov.,
recorded in Book 6, f. 382. This gives
the name of the land as Rock Spring.
SC Memorials 7, 215, records two memorials for Ezekiel
Calhoun--for 150 acres to Ezekiel Calhoun on Rock Spring, waters of Long
granted on 22 Jan. 1750, and for 350 acres at a place called Spring Hill on
nw fork of Long Cane in Granville Co. granted to Ezekiel Calhoun on 22 Jan.
1759, with return on 19 March 1759 (Memorials 7, 215).
On 10 March 2001, Richard McMurtry posted the following
information to the Long-Cane discussion group at Rootsweb: "I think I may
have located Ezekial Calhoun's 350 acre 1758 land. It looks to me that it
lies on Little River
up near where McKenley Creek joins Little River. I still need one of James
McKinley's plats (a
neighbor of Ezekial Calhoun according to a list that Tom Calhoun sent me) to
corroborate this. I've been wondering
where this land was for some time now. It will be fun to actually pinpoint
Richard McMurtry's map of the Long Cane settlement shows the
150 acres just south of the McCormick Co. line in present-day SC, and east
Calhoun Creek, bordered on the west by John, James, and Catherine Calhoun's
tract of 200 acres, 1762.
A 15 May 1762 memorial to John, James, and Catherine Calhoun
(14, 236) says that their land lay on Mulberry Bottoms alongside that of
Note that Ezekiel Calhoun's son John sold the Rock Springs land in 1772:
see his file.
Ezekiel Calhoun made a will in SC on 3 Sept. 1759, and then
returned to his land on Reed Creek in Wythe Co. in 1760 or 1761, where he
killed by an Indian as he stood at his cabin door. He was buried on his
farm in Wythe Co., and
his grave site was marked in 1970 by Mrs. Louis Hill. According to Orval
Calhoun, vol. 4, p. 321,
Ezekiel Calhoun was shot and killed "by someone" while standing in
his doorway, and buried in a private lot on his land at Reed's Creek, the
now being called Max Meadows. Orval
Calhoun says that the grave was marked with a marker placed on a tree near
grave, giving dates 1720-62.
In a 26 June 2002 email to me, Mary B. Kegley tells me that
the grave of Ezekiel Calhoun is on a farm located behind the Division
headquarters of the state police on Reed Creek, though not in Max Meadows.
She notes that the land belonged to the
Kents, then Simmermans, and finally Flanagans. In a 24 June email to me,
Mary Kegley also notes that Ezekiel Calhoun is
said to have been visiting his land in Wythe Co. when he was killed by a
Indian hiding among the reeds along Reed Creek near his house. This email
says that the grave was marked by
a descendant of Ezekiel Calhoun with a metal marker some years ago, and that
Arthur Kent took her and Kegley to the site (under a large cherry tree) that
said had been pointed out to him as Ezekiel Calhoun's burial site. The
marker was nailed to the cherry tree at
More information is contained in a typewritten ms. entitled
"Ezekiel Calhoun and Kenton" written by Arthur M. Kent of Wytheville
on 3 Feb. 1970 and signed by Mrs. Louis C. Hill of Gonzales, TX, on 23 June
1970 (I have a copy). The document is in
the John C. Calhoun papers at the South Caroliniana
library. It states that traditions
handed down in the Kent
family indicate that Ezekiel Calhoun came to his land in Wythe Co. in 1762
business, without his family. His cabin
stood near a coffee-bean tree on a small rise just above the spring. From
the canes a short distance from the
cabin door, a lone Indian shot Ezekiel as he stood in the cabin door. He
was buried on the plantation south of the
spring on higher ground. In 1970, all
that remained of the grave was a flat marker with no engraving. Tradition
states that two other graves
similarly marked were those of Love and Looney.
account notes that Ezekiel Calhoun's 500 acres were bought by the
Montgomerys , who were
closely associated with the Calhouns, and that they lived on the farm and
preserved the traditions about Ezekiel Calhoun's death. They sold the land
to Hancock, who traded it
with Col. Joseph Kent for Kent 's
lands in Montgomery Co. At this time,
the Montgomerys were still living and passed on
the traditions to the Kents . Gordon Cloyd Kent, son of Col. Joseph, his
son Joseph Gordon Kent, and his grandson Arthur Meaux Kent passed on the
states that the Calhoun cabin continued in use until the Kents left Kenton
in 1900, but it was removed
from its original site and moved closer to the brick mansion built by the
1792-4. The foundation remained in 1970
at its original site and the one coffee-bean tree had become a grove, amidst
whose roots the foundation could be found. The log spring house remained in
In the summer of 1969, Arthur Kent, Mrs. Louis Hill, and
Mrs. Mary Kegley visited Kenton, then owned by James Flanagan, saw the grave
markers, the cabin site, the spring location, and the grove of trees. The
summary was prepared to pass on the
traditions known to the Kent
Ezekiel?s will was probated in Charleston on 25 May 1762. The will leaves
to son John his gun and
saddle and a bald-faced horse. To wife
Jean, the will leaves one-third of Ezekiel Calhoun's personal property and
rest to children John, Patrick, Ezekiel, Mary, Rebecca, Catherine, and
Jean. The land on Long Cane in SC and
Reed Creek in Wythe Co. was devised equally to the three sons, with a
third to their mother Jean, in either land or money. Wife Jean to manage
the plantation and care
for the children during her widowhood. Brothers James and Wm. were
overseers of the will. Brother Patrick and widow Jean were co-exrs. The
will was wit. by Alexander Noble, John
Wilson, and Robert Norris (SC WB QQ, p. 181). The estate inventory was
recorded in 1762.
The John C. Calhoun papers contain a typed transcript of the
inventory done by Mrs. Louis Hill on 10 June 1768. This notes that the
original is in SC Probate
Inventories 1761-3, p. 353. This shows
that the inventory was done 21 Sept. 1762 by Wm. Calhoun, Alex. Noble, James
Noble, and Patrick Calhoun for exrs. Patrick Calhoun and Jean Calhoun. This
shows an estate valued at 577 pounds 18
pence, with 6 horses, 15 head of cattle, tools and household goods, 3 sheep,
and ready cash amounting to 88 pounds 14 pence. The transcript notes the
original is not on file, and indicates that the
transcript is from a typed copy of the WPA, citing p. 270 of the
original--i.e., the WPA book, or the court record book?).
According to a 21 Nov. 1847 letter of John C. Calhoun from Ft. Hill , SC ,
widow Jean later remarried to Robert Norris, a former neighbor on Reed
Creek. Kegley cites as sources family
records, SC Probate Bk. 1760-67, pp. 201, 271; SOUTHWEST VA ENTERPRISE, 30
1970 (re: marking of Ezekiel Calhoun's grave); and Summers, ANNALS OF
SCOTCH-IRISH IN VA, pp. 544, 783, 794). See also Salley, ?Calhoun Family
of SC,? pp. 252-3, citing SC HIST.
GENEAL. MAG., 2 (1901), 162-3. Note that
Alexander Noble was son of Mary Calhoun and John Noble (Mary being a sister
Ezekiel), who m. Ezekiel Calhoun's dau. Catherine.
According to Kegley, John Ewing Colhoun sold the land on
Reed Creek in 1771, while he himself was living at Long Cane in Granville
(Abbeville) Co. , SC. The land went to Robert
Montgomery, who sold it to Wm. and James Montgomery in the same year. Note
that Robert Montgomery was a first
cousin of Ezekiel Calhoun, Robert?s father James having been a brother to
Ezekiel Calhoun's mother Catherine--see file of Robert Montgomery. In 1782,
Joseph Kent was living on the
plantation when George Hancock bought the land from the Montgomerys . Kent
built a brick mansion on the land and named the plantation Kenton.
The will of John Ewing Colhoun mentions his father's mill in
According to the Hutton ms. cited in file of Catherine Kerr,
Ezekiel Calhoun lived near Hopewell Meeting house in the Calhoun settlement
Abbeville Dist. (p. 4). Alan T. Calhoun,
GENEALOGICAL TREE OF CALHOUN FAMILY OF AMERICA (Spartanburg, SC, 1956), also
notes this (p. 4).
In a 21 Feb. 2001 posting to the Long-Cane discussion group
at Rootsweb.com, Jane McComb) states that Hopewell Presbyterian was started
1760 by Patrick Calhoun. It is now in
what is McCormick County , but was in
Abbeville. The church closed in
1950. The first church
"building" seems to have been on "The Charleston
Road." The building is gone but a
marker was placed. It is in the woods and hard to find unless you know where
The 21 Nov. 1847 letter of John C. Calhoun cited in file of
Ezekiel Calhoun's brother James says that in 1847, a Mrs. Parker was living
the place settled originally by Ezekiel Calhoun. The letter also notes that
Calhoun's death, his widow married a Mr. Norris, who was one of the original
settlers of the Calhoun settlement.
In a 27 Feb. 2002 email message to me, John Blythe tells me
that the Mrs. Parker living on the Ezekiel Calhoun place was no doubt Ellen
Frost Parker, widow of Thomas Parker, who died in 1844. He says that the
Parker Place , aka "Rocky
Grove," was located near what is now the boundary of McCormick and Abbeville
Counties at SC Highway 823. The Parkers moved from Charleston in the early
acquired the property from the Huttons.
The reference to the Huttons suggests to me that the land on
which the Parkers lived was the Rock Springs tract, which son John Ewing
Colhoun sold to
Wm. Hutton in 1772--see his file.
In a later email (3 April 2002) about Rocky Grove, John
Blythe says that Rocky Grove is close to Calhoun's Mills, owned by Wm.
his son Joseph, and Jospeh, Jr. According to John Blythe, no early
buildings remain at Rocky Grove,
though there is a family burial ground used by the Huttons and the
Parkers. The Patrick Calhoun Cem. is
right across the road.
According to Orval Calhoun, vol. 4, p. 320, cited in file of
Alexander Calhoun, besides farming, Ezekiel Calhoun practiced doctoring and
healed ailing people in his community, having a natural talent for healing
sick. Lewin Dwinnell McPherson, CALHOUN,
HAMILTON, BASKIN AND RELATED FAMILIES (1957), says that after settling at
Cane, Ezekiel Calhoun "soon took up the art of healing, --'doctoring'
ailing people in that vicinity, to the best of his ability, his son Dr. John
Ewing Colhoun, M.D., succeeded to his father's interest in medicine and
surgery" (p. 49).
Note that though the will of Ezekiel Calhoun gives the
children's name in a different order, Orval Calhoun's book (vol. 4, p. 322)
shows their order of birth as follows: Jean, 1743, Rebecca, 18 March 1745,
John, 1750, Catherine, 1752, Ezekiel, 1754, Mary, 1756, and Patrick, 1758.
Note that Mary had a dau. Jane b. in 1768,
which would have been impossible, using the birth order and birthdates of
Calhoun. But if the birth order implied
in the will is followed, Mary would have been the oldest child, b. abt.
and thus could easily have had a dau. b. 1768.
Note that I have a copy of Ezekiel Calhoun's original
signature on the 4 May 1743 bond to administer his father's estate in
1910 biography of Ezekiel?s daughter Rebecca by Mrs. S. Bleckley of
SC, describes Ezekiel as "an intelligent gentleman...[who] possessed what
in those days was considered an independent estate" (biography is in the
DAR's AMERICAN MONTHLY MAGAZINE 37 , pp. 216-8).
A 1912 biography of Rebecca states something similar, noting
that "Ezekiel Calhoun was a man of considerable importance, educated, well
connected, and owning a property which in that day was considered almost a
fortune" (Harry Clinton Green and Mary Wolcott Green, THE PIONEER MOTHERS
OF AMERICA: A RECORD OF THE MORE NOTABLE WOMEN OF THE EARLY DAYS OF THE
COUNTRY, AND PARTICULARLY OF THE COLONIAL AN REVOLUTIONARY PERIODS [NY: G.
Putnam's Sons, 1912], p. 182).
William D. Lindsey
William D. Lindsey