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Matches 151 to 200 of 1115

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151 1882 written affidavit that they were acquainted with Samuel H. Sarett (Sevier County, TN) and new him before the war and sinc then, up to 1878 they lived near to him, from young and up to the year 1878 when they moved to Green County, Missouri and were often together. Atchley John O
152 listed on birth certificate. Lived at 1207 N. Jackson Palestine Texas Bailey Emma Eva
153 Information on this family if from Charles Johnson of Bailey William Fleming, Jr.
154 Parents of William Fleming Bailey Jr. are William Fleming Bailey Sr. and Molly Sprunt, daughter of James Sprunt. Bailey William Fleming, Jr.
155 Find it strange that she named a son James Barker Glass......could her maiden name be Barker? Baker Mary
156 Will recorded Lancaster Co., VA 11 July, 1711. Will book #10 p. 88
He names his wife, Mary, son, Joseph, and daughters hannah Travers, Anne Conway, Esther Chinn, elizabeth Cornegie, Mary Ball and Elizabeth Johnson. "to elizabeth Johnson, ye daughter of my beloved wife, one hundred acres of land or what is more or less what I bought of Wilb. Lut late of this county to her ye sd Elizabeth; for and during ye term of her natural life"
Ball Joseph
157 Burwell Barker will w/s 23 May 1836 p. 6 Mar 1837
mentions Granddaughter Sarah Epps Barker, daughter of Thomas L. Barker. exr William S. Middlebrooks
Wit. Thomas J. Middlebrooks, James W. Mitchell 
Barker Burwell
158 1860 Census Beat 7, Tallapoosa County, Alabama

1880 Bethel Lee County, Alabama 
Barker William
159 Notes:
1830 Jones County, GA same page as Burwell Barker
1840 Tallapoosa County, AL by W. Barker
1860 Tallapoosa County AL neighbor Margaret Barker
Susan Bartee married Edward Satterwhite 8-16-1821 Jones County GA.

William Barker Harris County GA 1830 and 1820 Jasper Co, GA
married Margaret Peggy Gaston b. 1780 Rowand County NC -d.1850 Noxubee, MS

Thomas Gaston marr Eliz Reid of Rowan NC they were in 1820 Jasper County, GA

Howell Satterwhite and Nancy Rowland daughter Francis Satterwhite d. 1854 married John G. Barker. 
Bartee Abraham Marshall
160 Oral Family History is that she is a Cherokee Indian Bartee Susan
161 Wesley Bartley
was born February 13, 1845 and died at his home near Odin on February 3, 1918, aged 72 rears and 11 months and 21 days. On January 14, 1866 Mr. Bartley was married to Miss Elizabeth Newton and to this union were born 12 children, 10 of whom with their mother survive to mourn the loss of an affectionate parent and husband. They funeral was held on Monday, February 4th, and burial made at Newton school house. Mr. Bartley was born and raised near the home where he died and leaves a record of a good life nobly lived. During the civil war he served his country for 12 months and was buried wrapped in the flag under which he fought. He was a prominent and well-to-do farmer whose demise will be greatly regretted by many neighbors and friends. (Obit from newspaper) 
Bartley David Wesley
162 Welch, Martha Anna: Hartville, MO; died at her home on Sep 15, 1954 at
12:30 p.m.; housewife; born May 24, 1882 in Wright, MO; d/o David W.
Bartley born in Indiana and Mary Newton born in Missouri; widowed; 2
daughters Meda Allen and Vada Moody of Hartville, MO; stepchildren
George, Gertie, Lena, Pauline and Jess; 2 brothers Neville Bartley of
Goodard, ID and Ben Bartley of Everton; 4 sisters Lottie Oliver of
Phoenix, AZ, Frona Young of Coffeyville, KS, Sarah Blevins of Mansfield
and Susan Bartley of Mansfield; 12 grandchildren; 22 great-
grandchildren. Burial Steele Memorial Cemetery.
Bartley Martha Anna
163 ____________________________________________________

1930 United States Federal Census Bosque County, TX
about W M Bartliey

W M Bartliey
[W M Bartley]


Birth Year:
abt 1902



Home in 1930:
Precinct 1, Bosque, Texas

Map of Home:
View Map

Marital Status:

Relation to Head of House:

Spouse's Name:
Beatress Bartliey

Father's Birthplace:

Mother's Birthplace:



Military service:

Rent/home value:

Age at first marriage:

Parents' birthplace:

View Image

View others on page

Household Members:



W M Bartliey 28
Beatress Bartliey 25
Nadene Bartliey 5
Loys Bartliey 3
[3 1/12]

Bartley William Andrew
California, Death Index, 1940-1997
about William M Bartley

William M Bartley

Social Security #:


Birth Date:
1 May 1901

Birth Place:

Death Date:
14 Feb 1967

Death Place:

Mother's Maiden Name:

Bartley William Miles
165 Nancy Baskett Middleton, daughter of James Baskett and Yourity McMillan moved to Pickens County Alabama after the death of Thomas and lived with her sister and brother in-law, Robert Plummer and Margaret Baskett Cox. They lived a short distance from Aliceville not far from the Mississippi/Alabama border. Oak Ridge cemetery where they were buried along with Nancy Ann Baskett Middleton is where the Cox farm was located. Baskett Nancy Ann
166 Not proven to be a son but I place him with this family due to circumstantial evidence. Baugh Isaac
167 Not proven to be a son but circumstantial evidence leads to believe that he is. Baugh William
168 Had daughters, Elizabeth and Ann. George Waggoner is likely related to Susannah D. Waggner, wife of Thomas Camp, brother of James. Berry Mary
169 "John Blake settled along Little River in Laurens Co, SC his neighbor was Thomas Wier; before 1800 he selected his site in Greenwood. He camped on a slight eminence west of Edgefield St and borrowed the necessary chunk of fire from the home of Andrew Logan, the only resident in all that section. His home was on the south side of Oak Ave just west of the Seaboard Railroad tracks. A rock in the chimney of the house was inscribed "Ebenezer, Dec 7th, A.D.1801". Ebenezer is an Old Testament word meaning "stone of help". He was an elder in the Rock Presbyterian Church. He and Jane Bell had 10 children. Eight married and had children, but seven of the families moved away to GA & TN. The inscribed rock from the chimney was saved and kept by a Greenwood descendant, Lilla Blake Liner." [S184] Blake John
170 1830 Abbeville SC census
pg 15 of 202
John Buchanan 40-50
John Blacke Jr. 20-29
Joseph Milford 40-50
Martha Buchanan 40-50
Kennedy Blake 30-40 marr. Isabella Buchanan sister to Mary Buse
William Buchanan 60-70

pg 23 of 202
Elizabeth Culberson 30-40

pg 29 of 202
Robert Crawford 30-40 marr Huldah Logan b. 1805 daug of Andrew Logan
Mary Crawford 30-40
William N. Blake 30-40
Andrew Logan 50-60 marr. Ann Meriwether Andrew Logan serve in the Rev. War. with Buchanan
John Blake Sr. 60-70
Jacob Rhodes 30-40

Brother Kennedy Blake was in Newton County GA in 1840 
Blake John M
>A J.P. Boles fought with the 53rd partisan Rangers. Gregg Jennings.
>On application, ordered: That a Passport (to travel through the
>Creek Indian Naton) be prepared for Messrs. Isaac Ledbetter and
>James Bolles from the county of Jones in this State which was
>present and signed. 1810. Passports of Southeastern Pioneers
>1770-1823, page 268: Executive Department, Thursday 4th October
>James Boles, Sr., of Wallers District, Jones County, Georgia, and
>his family moved to Aabama, problably in oxen drawn two-wheeled
>carts or by walking.
>James Boles, Sheriff, elected 6 September 1827, and Isaac Ledbetter,
>first county judge, 21 Novm, 1826. From Piney Woods Echoes, Watson. 
Boles/Bowles James
172 Mt. Gilead Baptist Church was constituted in Russell Co., AL in Jan 20 1833 and William and Rebecca are listed as Charter member and William was named Deacon. They moved to Rusk County, Texas before 1847. By 1850 in Van Zandt Co., Texas Boles/Bowles William
173 _________________________________________________
Post by Ramona Nichols on genforum: Thought I would put in some additional Info on my Bond family to see if we connect. In this book on Coryell County Texas families it says that William Riley Bond Sr was the son of Richard Bond who was born in Beaufort Co NC in 1765. It further says that Rchard first went to Missouri Territory and married Mary Baker there in 1815 near Cape Girardeau. Then in 1818 Richard and Mary went to Arkansas Territory. They had a family of Nine children but it does not give all the names. Richard left a will in either Hot Springs or Saline co in 1843. According to tradtion he and Mary are buried in Old Pepkin graveyard with no tombstones.
My maternal grandmother was Mary Ellen Bond, daughter of William Joseph Bond, granddaughter of William Riley Jr.
ggranddaughter of William Riley Sr.
Bond Malinda
174 10 April 1739 Div. est. of Samuel Bonum NC Order Book 1737-1743
To James Straughan his wife's part of said estate. To Thomas Bonum orphan ...
To Samuel Bonum, orphan of Samuel....
Matthew Zuill, Travers Colston, Wm, Taite 
Bonum Samuel
175 The Bonum's plantation in Westmoreland County was near the home of George Eskridge, guardian for Mary ball.
His Aunt Rebecca Bonum was the first wife of George Eskridge.

Bonum Samuel
176 Will was probated 22 February 1726 in Westmoreland County.Will Book #8 p. 34
All my lands to my son, Samuel Bonum and the children lawfully begotten and for want of such issue, I give the same to the child or children that my wife goes with.
I give to my brother, Daniel Bonum, a ring of twenty shilings price.
I give to Samuel Hayden a you cow and calf to be delivered soon after my death.
I give to my wife's ister, Mary Ball, my young dapple gray riding horse.
All the rest of my estate I give and devise to be equally divided among my loving wife, Elizabeth Bonum, my son, Samuel Bonum, and the child or children my wife goes with.
The Guardianship and tuition of my son, Samuel bonum, and also the child or children my wife goes with when born, under management of my uncle George Eskridge.
Bonum Samuel
177 William and Mary College Quarterly, 1st Series, Vol. 17, ed. Lyon G. Tyler, Kraus Reprint Co., Richmond, VA; 1977
Northumberland County, Virginia
page 239
James Booth, son to James and Eleanor, was born March 6, 1740
Richard Booth, son to James and Eleanor, was born March 20, 1742
Eleanor, Daughter to James and Eleanor, was born Dec. 9, 1745. 
Booth Eleonor
178 Information seems to point towards James Booth being the son of Richard Booth d. 1739 Interesting to note that his daughter married a Short. Eleonor Leazure inherited land that her father, George Leazure had purchased from Thomas Short. Also Thomas and Benjamin Middleton bought land from Thomas Short.

Northumberland County Virginia Wills and Administrations: 1713-1749 by
James F. Lewis and J. Motley Booker, M.D.

Northumberland Co. Record Book 1726-1729 p. 42
Routt, George, of St. Stephens Parish
W.W. 3 April 1727---W.P. 19 April 1727
Wife Martha Routt- two hundred and fifty acres of land in Stafford County
upon Accakih Run to her and her heirs, three negroes Dick, Judy and
Laxy, to her and her heirs, and she to have all the rest of my estate and
to be my executrix.
Witness: Peter Routt, and John France

According to Robert K Headley, Jr. in Married Well and Often Marriages of
the Northern Neck of Virginia Martha was Martha Courtney, she married 1st
Vincent Garner son of John and Susanna (Keene) Garner. Martha married 2nd
George Routt, and 3rd Richard Booth

Northumberland County Virginia Wills and Administrations: 1713-1749 by
James F. Lewis and J. Motley Booker, M.D.

Northumberland County Record Book 1738-1743 p. 54
Booth, Richard, of St. Stephens Parish
W.W. 26 Spetember 1739---W.P. 12 9br 1739
To wife Martha Booth- negroes Dick, Judith and Lucy, five bushels of
wheat, eight barrels of Indian Corn, four hogs, one large iron pot, one
large chest, sidesaddle, three head of cattle and her bed and furniture.
To son Richard Booth-plantation where I now live to be delivered to him
next Christmas, to him and the lawfully begotten heirs of his body, if
none to son Adam Booth and his lawfully begotten heirs.
Son Richard Booth-negro fellow Cizar.
Son John Booth-my saddle, bridle, coat and chest.
Son Adam Booth-my vest and breeches
Son James Booth-two hundred pounds of tobacco.
Son William Booth-one pair of shoes, one pair of stokins, a gun, and
Daughter Elizabeth Short-one box irons and heaters.
Rest of my estate to be equally divided among my six children.
Son Richard Booth, executor.
Witness: Thomas Barecroft, and George Duke.

Northumberland County Virginia Wills and Administrations: 1750-1770 by
James F. Lewis and J. Motley Booker, M.D.

Northumberland Co. Record Book 1756-1758 p. 61
Booth, Martha of St. Stephens Parish
W.W. 15 April 1757---W.P. 9 May 1757
All my land that lies on Acacick Run containing about two hundred acres,
being the land my husband George Rout gave me. I give to my daughter
Martha Rout and her husband Peter during their natural lives, and then to
their son George Rout and his heirs.
To daughter Martha and her husband Peter Rout-my negro woman Lucey and
her increase, and my great Bible.
To grandaughter Jean Oldham an her husband George Oldham-twenty five
pounds cash being the sum I sold my negro girl Sarah for and my best bed
and furniture.
To grandaughter Betty Garner daughter of Vincent Garner-negro girl Judy
and her increase, my next feather bed and if I got any furniture for it
she to have it, one cow and steer being on the plantation where I now
live, one chest and table.
To James Garner, son of James Garner-negro girl Lucy, one cow big with
calf and a young steer.
To grandaughter Winefred Garner-one cow yearling.
Rest of estate to two granddaughters Jean Oldham and Betty Garner.
Samuel Winstead and Thomas Williams executors.
Witness: William Taite, Sarah Ann Moore and Richard Knott

Booth James
179 William and Mary College Quarterly, 1st Series, Vol. 17, ed. Lyon G. Tyler, Kraus Reprint Co., Richmond, VA; 1977
Northumberland County, Virginia
page 239
James Booth, son to James and Eleanor, was born March 6, 1740
Richard Booth, son to James and Eleanor, was born March 20, 1742
Eleanor, Daughter to James and Eleanor, was born Dec. 9, 1745. 
Booth James
Compiled and Published by J. Motley Booker, M. D., Page 9, Record Book
#1 (1750-1751) page 200
Booth, James, W. W. 31 December 1750---W. P. 14 January 1750
Brother Richard Booth and friend George Leazure Brown, executors.
To Hannah West-five pounds current money. Rest of estate to children
James Booth, Richard Booth, and Eleanor Booth.
Witness: Thomas Williams, Sam'l Eskridge and Robert Clake.
In front of book W.W. is abrev. for Will written W. P.-Will Probated

Per Kathie
He has George Leazure Brown listed as friend but I think that he is his stepbrother.

Booth James
181 William and Mary College Quarterly, 1st Series, Vol. 17, ed. Lyon G. Tyler, Kraus Reprint Co., Richmond, VA; 1977
Northumberland County, Virginia
page 239
James Booth, son to James and Eleanor, was born March 6, 1740
Richard Booth, son to James and Eleanor, was born March 20, 1742
Eleanor, Daughter to James and Eleanor, was born Dec. 9, 1745. 
Booth Richard
182 From Bud Northington Egypt Plantation


A Not for Profit Organization

P.O. Box 219 in Egypt, Texas 77436

979-677-3232 979-677-3370 fax




b. 1801 Norwich, New York d. 1874 Borden, Texas

Surveyor, Inventor, Publisher, Business Entrepreneur, Baptist& Community Leader

Research/Presenter: Lennie Brown of La Grange, Texas & Bud Northington, Egypt

May 2001



Son of: Gail Sr. & Philadelphia Wheeler Borden of New York, Kentucky, Indiana, San Felipe

Stephen F. Austin 2nd Colony, Blacksmith in San Felipe

Brother to: Thomas Henry Borden, Ft. Bend County, Galveston

Stephen F. Austin?s Official Surveyor 1830, Siege of Bexar, Newspaper, Surveyed City of Houston ?36, organ. 1st Baptist in Galveston, Inventor of Steam Gauge & Terraqueous Machine

Brother to: John Pettit Borden, 1st General Land Commission of Rep. of Texas, Surveyor city of Houston?36, Goliad Campaign, Siege of Bexar, Sommervelle Expedition, San Jacinto battle, Lawyer, Ft. Bend Chief Justice

Brother to: Paschal Pavolo Borden married Frances May Heard of Egypt, Texas (daughter of Jemina Heard, sister to Capt. Heard), Surveyor, Mill Creek in Washington County, Texas, Blacksmith in San Felipe, General Store at Columbia, Real Estate, Battle of San Jacinto, ended life in Egypt at ?Seclusion? Plantation

Father of: Quinn Morton Borden (named after Jemina Heard?s father), b. 1834 at Egypt Plantation (Heard Home) in Egypt d. 1846


Husband to: Borden?s first wife, Penelope Mercer, 7 children

Her child, Quinn Morton Borden was born at Egypt Plantation

Son in Law of: Rev. Eli and Ann Nancy Thompson Mercer of Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Egypt TX

Baptist Minister, 1829 Ferry Operator in Stephen F. Austin 2nd Colony at Colorado River & Atascosita Trail (purchased from Kuykendall) also nears Matagorda to Columbus Trail, First settler in Egypt area then called ?Mercer?s Crossing?, 1st Sugar Cane, 1st Rep. of Texas Postmaster 1835 in area w/ 4 stops by 1840

Brother in Law to:___________ Mercer (son of Eli Mercer) married _________ Heard (sister to Capt. Heard, daughter of Jemima and S.R. Heard)


1845 Augusta Stearns

1860 Emeline Eunice Church


Wife, Penelope Mercer & children stayed with her parents in Egypt in advance of the Runaway Scrape (men had gone off to fight) hoping that Texas Army would hold back Mexicans from crossing the Colorado River in 1836.

Many families later stayed in Egypt while Texas Militia set up defense following San Jacinto to keep Mexican army from coming back


b. 1810 Norwich New York family moved to Kentucky, then Indiana, then Texas

(State of Coahila, Mexico)

1820?s moved to southwestern Mississippi

Surveyor for Amite County and Deputy Federal Surveyor, Taught school

Married Penelope Mercer, daughter of Rev. Eli Mercer


1829 Moved to Egypt, Texas following Mercer?s, also brought Borden parents & brothers

1830 Succeeded brother Thomas Borden as Surveyor for Stephen F. Austin colonists

1832 Named one of 3 members San Felipe Committee of Correspondence

1833 Colonial Convention represented Lavaca District

Assumed Colonial Secretary duties in Absence of Samuel May Williams

1835-37 Appointed Collector for Department of Brazos

1837 Moved to Galveston from Richmond (Ft. Bend area about 18 miles north east of Egypt)

1837 1st Collector of Port of Galveston (June ?37-Dec?38) (Dec 41-Aprl?43)


1830 Official Surveyor for Stephen F. Austin colonists

1830?s Published first Topographical Survey of Texas

1836 Rumored to have buried the press in Egypt during the Runaway Scrape

1836 Layout City of Houston with brothers/surveyors

PUBLISHER ? Weekly, Tri-Weekly, Daily

1835-37 Founded, Editor and ran Newspaper ?Telegraph & Texas Register?

San Felipe ?35- Mar?36, Harrisburg April ? 36, Columbia April ?36 ?37,

Houston May/Jun ?37, Sold partnership June ?37

?First Paper to Achieve Permanence? ? Texas Hist. Assoc., New Handbook of Texas.

1881 Borden descendent, Gail Borden Johnson combined Houston Post (est. 1880) with

Houston Telegraph (formerly Telegraph & Texas Register)


Large scale Refrigeration

1840?s Locomotive Bath House in Galveston

Terraqueos Machine ? amphibious transportation, Galveston. Engineered with brother, Thomas

1849 ? 56 Meat Biscuit. Dehydrated meat compounded with flour. Marketed worldwide with Ashbel Smith

of Galveston. 1851 moved to New York to market and produce product. Later moved back to Texas in 1871 to open slaughterhouse and processing met plant in Borden, Texas

1853 - Applied for Condensed Vacuum Milk Patent. Obtained 1851 American & British Patents.

1856 Open factory in Connecticut. Failed, Open, Failed Again. 1858 Better Financial backing.

1860-64 Civil War Sales, big demand for condensed milk. Success! Open factories: 2 in New York, 1 in Illinois, Pennsylvania & Maine

1850?s Condensing Fruit Juices, Extract of Beef, Extract of Coffee

1865 Borden Texas ? Slaughter House, Meat Packing/Vacuum, Sawmill

1865 Bastrop, Texas Copperware Factory


1830 Official Surveyor for Stephen F. Austin colonists

1830?s Sold lots (2,500 lots) as Secretary & Real Estate Agent to Galveston City Company

1837-38 Duty collector for Port of Texas, Republic of Texas

1842 Directed Insular defenses against an Unexpected Mexican Invasion

1842 Alderman for City of Galveston

1850?s Board Member, Galveston Brazos Navigation co., canal project from San Luis to Brazos River

across Galveston Bay


1828 Married Penelope Mercer, daughter of Rev. Eli Mercer of Georgia & Mississippi

1840 First known Whites to be baptized in Gulf of Mexico west of the Mississippi

1840?s Officer of local Temperance Society, Galveston

1840?s Deacon & Clerk First Baptist Church, Galveston

1840?s Trustee of Texas Baptist Education Society, founding Baylor University

Leader in Emancipation & Education & Church Heritage of African Americans

1855 Trustee for First Baptist Ave L/Africa Baptist church, Galveston mission of First Baptist, Galveston

1870?s Borden, Texas built Freedman?s School, White School, Baptist Day School & Sunday School for African Americans, Supported Two Missionaries, Pay Increases for Poorly Paid Teachers/Ministers and scholarship for Students


Borden County, 1880?s, near Bexar County

Borden Community, Colorado County located between Columbus and Weimar on Harvey Creek

Unv. Of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, Borden Building, 1953


1874 Died in Borden, Texas ( 30 miles north-west of Egypt, Texas.). Body shipped to New York by train in private car and Buried in Woodlawn Cemetery.


1850?s Gail Borden established multiple processing operations including meat, fruit and condensed milk, Galveston and New York and Borden, Texas

1860?s Successful expansion of plants during Civil war for condensed milk

1902 ? 04 National scale began ice cream production in 1902

1959 Borden Milk conglomerate split up by anti-trust Federal suit. Allowed to sell ice cream and mile in limited number of specific states.

1997 Dairy Plants sold, Purchased by Allen Myers of Dallas, TX, now called Milk Product, L.P. (dba Borden Dairy) in Dallas, Texas. Logo now owned by SUIZA Corp who owns Oak Farms, Inc.


Frantz, Joe B., PhD, 1951, Gail Borden: Dairyman to a Nation, dissertation under Walter Prescott Webb.

Rosenberg Library Archives, Borden Papers, Galveston, Texas.

Texas Historical Association, New Handbook of Texas, 1996, Austin, Texas.

Bordens, Egypt, Baptist History, other subjects. Also on line research.

Wharton, Clarence Ray, Gail Borden, 1941.


1840?s Invented a ?Locomotive Bath House? in Galveston, for ladies wanting privacy while they swim in

the Gulf of Mexico

?Terraqueos Machine? ? amphibious transportation, Galveston. Engineered with brother, Thomas

1850?s Condensing Fruit Juices, Extract of Beef, Extract of Coffee
Borden Gail, Jr.
October, 1834?January, 1837
AUSTIN?University of Texas Press


Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin
San Felipe Nov 5th 1835
Dear Genl.
I would say something of the proceedings of our Convention were it not that you will get the most important transactions in the hand bill of the
first days proceedings? Yesterday, however, the day was principally occupied in discussion on the resolution offered by Mr. Wharton appointing a committee "to make a declaration to the world setting forth the reasons for
which we take up arms etc" Though the discussion was lengthy and animated yet coolness and moderation pervaded throughout the debate.
Your opinion as to what you believed should be the course to pursue was introduced as well as several plans all of which were referred to the committee on the subject.1 Whatever may be the decision it will be unanimous. My opinion is, however, that a large majority will declare for the principles of the Constitution of 1824?
Unanimity and good feeling I believe is the order of the day?and I trust all will go well.
I am waiting to see what the Convention will do on the subject of raising money before I attempt to obtain it on your own account. I believe they will raise it. They ought to do it I am certain?
Last night was a cold and stormy night, and I thought of you and the army?that perhaps you were in the broad prairy without cover and perhaps destitute of wood. I regret to hear your health is not good; and fear, the hardships of the Camp and what is worse, the labor of the mind will
endanger your health. Had a conversation with Genl. Houston today?I believe he has the interest of our country at heart. He made the best speech yesterday I have
ever heard; the whole tenour of it went to harmonize the feelings of the people and to produce unanimity of sentiment. I think there is little doubt of much aid and assistance from the United States.
Had the favor this evening of seeing your letter to Dr R Peebles in which you advise to suspend for the present, any farther locations in land. Little business has been done in the land office for some time past, and I can
1See "Declaration of Causes for taking up Arms" by the editor, in Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XV, 173?185.?the austin papers 239
assure you no advantages has, or will be taken of those who are in the field. Mr. Jack however can tell you what has been done. Now on another subject. I have written to brother Tom, that without we had more materials in
our printing establishment, it was impossible to do work to any extent that it was all important, as well for ourselves as the interest of the Country to send an agent immediately to N. Orleans for the purpose of getting what
articles we want, and extend our subscription list, without a great patronage, can not stand the heavy expense of carrying on the office? We have sufficient weight of type, but not proportion Mr. Baker can not be spared,
because he is our only translator?I can not go for the reasons of my pressing business, as well of other things, as the improvement of the printing office. This is, therefore, to request you to give Thomas a furlough so
soon as you think he can be spared that he may go to the U S for the purposes above named. My reason for saying so much to you is, that I discovered from his last letter he was determined not to come home till after the campaign; and unless you thought he could better serve the country by
forwarding our printing establishment, he would not consent to come from the field.
Excuse me for troubling you with so long a letter, and believe me
G. Borden Jr [Rubric]
[Addressed:] S. F. Austin Commander in Chief American Army San

Austin to Gail Borden, Jr.
New Orleans Jan 18, 1836
Dr Sir,
Texas continues to rise all over this country, our rise in public opinion and confidence is however based entirely on the prospect of a speedy declaration of independence? I have assured every one that this measure is certain and will be unanimous, as all the reasons in favor of the declaration of 7 Novr. have entirely ceased owing to the federal party having united with Santanna against us?
My health is greatly improved?had it been as good before I left home, I should have come on from San Felipe by land and avoided the excitement which I found blazing at Quintana and other places in the low country. I shall preach independence all over the U. S. wherever I go? What do you think of the inclosed idea of a flag?
Mr. William Bryan has promised to attend to your business, but no insurance can be effected
S. F. Austin [Rubric]
[Addressed:] Gail Borden Jr San Felipe de Austin Texas
To be mailed at San Augustine or Nacogdoches?

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin
Columbia 15th August. 1836
Dear Genl.,
I have but a few moments to write, but in these few, I wish to tell you, that from the sign of the times you can not be elected, unless you or some friend comes out in a circular to the people. The lamented land speculation
is operating against you. Many have been led to believe that you are concerned.
I have just returned from Fort Bend, and some of your old devoted friends say, they can not support you unless they are convinced that you had no hand in the big land purchase. They say, if you will tell them you have not, they will believe you. It is easy for your enemies to make use of this vile plea to ruin your election. It is necessary, therefore, that some thing should be said on this subject. I know how much this affair has tormented your soul, and it is due to yourself as well as to the public that you make a positive denial of having anything to do with what is called land speculation. I have, when
speaking of this affair offered to pledge my life on the question; that is, I would give my life, if at any time it should be found that you were engaged in the affair
Let us know what you wish done and believe me
G. Borden. Jr
[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin Velasco or Brazoria Texas

Austin to Gail Borden, Jr.
Letter from S. F. Austin to G. Borden, Jr.1
Mr. G. Borden, Jr.:
Dear Sir,? '
I have just received your letter of the 15th instant, informing me that great efforts are making to circulate reports and slanders, for the purpose of injuring me, at the election which is to be held on the first Monday of
next month. Such things are to be expected. In all communities, there are men, who attempt to rise and effect their individual views, by trying to mislead the public. The check upon them, is the good sense and sound judgment of the people. Relying upon this check, I have not considered it necessary to notice any of the slang that has been circulated about me. I feel but little anxiety, of a personal character, whether I am elected or
not. I am not a volunteer candidate, for I agreed to become one from a sense of duty, because I was solicited to do so, by persons whose opinions 1 could not disregard, without laying myself liable, at least in some degree,
to the imputation of having shrunk from a high and responsible station, at a time when the situation of Texas was most critical, and its political affairs most difficulty. Had I refused being a candidate, I should then
have been censured for abandoning, in the time of difficulty, the public affairs of a country, to which I have devoted so many years to build up and bring forward.
To place before you in a succint manner, the nature of the reports spoken of by you, I will recall to your mind a few facts in relation to the past. I have been connected with the public affairs of Texas, in one way or another, for fifteen years, and under circumstances, during the whole of
that period, the most difficult, perplexing and embarrassing. I was for many years the principal organ of the local administration, and of communication between the settlers of this colony, (who, be it re- membered, came direct from a free and well organised government, the
United States, with all their political ideas and habits fresh upon their minds,) and the Mexican government, which then was, as it still is, in that state of chaos produced by a sudden transition from extreme slavery and ignorance, to extreme republican liberty. The difficulty of such a position is evident. The dangers of premature and ruinous collisions, produced by a difference of language, forms, laws, habits, etc., were almost insurmount- able. The very nature of things opened an almost boundless field for
demagogues and personalities, and the country was placed, during the 1Printed handbill.?THE AUSTIN PAPERS 419
whole of that eventful period, upon a volcano, subject to be ruined by popular excitements on the one hand, or by the jealousy of the Mexicans on the other. I was individually liable to suspicion, and to fancied or
real complaints from all quarters; and a mark for the shafts of envy, and personal animosity, as well as for the attacks of those who honestly differed in opinion with me, or were misinformed. That period was more difficult
and dangerous to the settlement of Texas, and to its ultimate emancipation and liberty, than any which has subsequently threatened, or which now threatens its destinies; for had its colonization failed, there would have been no foundation to plant independence, or any thing else upon. We passed through that period, however, in safety. A foundation was then laid, which I believed, and am now convinced, could not, and cannot be broken up. No one knows or can appreciate so well as I do, the labor
it has cost, and perhaps but few have maturely considered its strength, and results?they are co-durable with the English language and with the Anglo- American race.
In April, 1833, I was appointed by the people of Texas, represented in general convention, to go to the city of Mexico as their agent or commissioner, to apply for the admission of Texas into the Mexican confederation
as a State. This appointment was ruinous to my individual interests, and in every respect hazardous and fatiguing. I accepted it, however, from a sense of duty and went to Mexico at my individual expense, for I never
asked, or received one dollar from the country for that trip. I was imprisoned in Mexico, as is well known, and detained about two years. During this time, it seems that some persons engaged in large land speculations
at Monclova, the seat of government of the state of Coahuila and Texas. These are the speculations to which you allude in your letter of the 15th instant, and which, you say, are ruinous to my election.? You ask me to
say whether I am or not concerned with them. The whole of the circumstances connected with that affair?my absence
from the country at the time?the almost impossibility of communicating with me, then, owing to my imprisonment in Mexico?my known, and uniform and undeviating opposition to every thing that was in any manner calculated to entangle the land or political affairs of Texas?all, prove to
impartial minds, that I was not concerned in them. But, as you ask me a direct question, whether I am interested or not, I will reply out of respect to you, and say positively that I never have been, and am not, concerned
or interested in those speculations directly nor indirectly. Neither did I know the full history of those transactions, until within a few days past, nor am I certain that I understand them yet. I pass to another point-?the Convention of November last, adopted a
declaration on the 7th of that month?it was the voice of the people legally expressed, Whether the Constitution of 1824 was the proper basis for the?420 THE AUSTIN PAPERS
country to take, or not, it was taken by that declaration with certain limitations, and consequently the said declaration of 7th Nov. was, for the time
being, the fundamental law of the land, and as such, it became the duty of every citizen to sustain it, until it was changed. The country acted upon this principle at that time?I did so, as it was my duty to do, and it seems
that I am now denounced for so doing, and isolated expressions are raked, without any reference to the peculiar circumstances and temporary excitements of those days, or to the idea which was entertained by many, of try-
ing to keep the seat of war beyond the limits of Texas, until the country was better prepared, and by that means save the families from the devastations of invasion which they have suffered.
I was appointed, and not at my solicitation, by the said November Convention, to go to the United States as a Commissioner in conjunction with Dr. B. T. Archer, and W. H. Wharton, Esq. I obeyed the call of my country, thus expressed, and labored faithfully and arduously in the cause, as did both of my colleagues. Our services were of a nature that it is difficult to explain or appreciate?we made loans that were beneficial, and did not hesitate to pledge our private property?our accounts have been rendered
to the government and are matter of record? We labored assiduously to enlighten and inform the public mind, as to the origin, principles, and objects of the contest with Mexico, and in every respect obeyed our instructions. The estimate in which my own services were held by my colleagues is sufficiently shown by their request that I would be a candidate for President, and by their support of my election. And yet it is now charged upon
me as sort of a crime that I obeyed the call of the November Convention, and left Texas at all, and it is also said that nothing was done by the Commissioners but to eat fine dinners, drink wine, etc. Such is the kind of slang you inform me will destroy my election. The people ought to be competent to analize these matters, and judge for themselves. They are however liable to be misled, by wrong impressions, but will do justice in the end, and I assure you that it will be no personal mortification to me, individually, if I am not elected while such erroneous im-
pressions exist. 1 have one proud consolation which nothing can deprive me of, and that is the approbation of my own conscience, and the certainty
hat all I have done since I came to Texas in 1821, will bear the test of the most rigid scrutiny. I do not pretend by this to say, that I have not erred in judgment, and perhaps from imprudent council, but I do say, that no
man has labored with purer intentions, or with a more ardent and disinterested desire to promote the prosperity, and happiness, and liberty of Texas, and I will also say, that I consented to become a candidate at this
election with great reluctance. I have been absent from Texas, on public business, for about three years. During this time, my individual affairs?the austin papers 421
have been neglected, and much of the old colonizing business remained unclosed. It was my wish and intention to devote this year to those objects, at the same time giving all the aid I could, as a citizen, to the public cause. You requested a reply to your letter?I have given a long one, and you can make any use of it you think proper.
Respectfully, your fellow citizen, S. F. Austin.

Gail Borden, Jr., to Austin
Columbia 19th- Sept 1836.
Dear Friend?
Yours of this date is before me and I hasten to answer
I am this moment been informed by Capt Baker that Drs. Miller and Peebles have returned from Nacogdoches, the latter having brought on the public papers? What is going to be done with them? I presume however, he will keep them till the meeting of Congress. If Congress is held at this place a room will be very difficult to obtain for the present. I am in hopes, however you can have an opportunity to look over and regulate the papers? It would have been done before if I had had a Spanish Scholar? You can now be accommodated by Austin B and Mr. Gritton? Mr. Gritton can do more business in the spanish than any person I know of. Austin will answer every purpose. Aunt Mary is at present very unwell, and not able to sit up You ask how she could be got down? I could send her in the Steam boat to any point you wish on the Brazos?please inform me where.
I regret much to hear of your ill health, hope you will soon be restored, and come up I will do every thing in my power to assist you with the papers, but Austin must help.
In haste your friend
G. Borden Jr [Rubric]
[Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin Peach Point

Borden Gail, Jr.
184 ................................................
The Cherokees of Texas, Cherokee, Henderson & Smith Counties, TX

Submitted by East Texas Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 6967, Tyler, TX 75711

Copyright. All rights reserved.
East Texas Family Records - Vol. 6, No. 3, Fall 1982
Submitted with the permission of the
East Texas Genealogical Society, P O Box 6967, Tyler, TX 75711



By Howard O. Pollan, Tyler, TX

The Cherokee Indians had lived in the Allegheny Region forever. They
were descendants of the Iriquois tribe from the area of Pennsylvania.
John BOWLES, a member of that tribe, was born in North Carolina about
1756, the son of a Scotch trader and a full blood Cherokee woman.
This Scotch trader was murdered by two North Carolinians and robbed
while on his way home from Charlestown with goods for his trading
post. This was in 1768 when the son was about 12 Years old. But within
the next two years, John BOWLES had killed both his father's slayers.1

When Chief Dragging Canoe died in 1792, BOWLES, an auburn haired, blue
eyed half-blood Scotch Cherokee, succeeded to the position of town
chief in Runningwater Town, which was one of the Chickamauga
settlements near Lookout Mountain. Here BOWLES became involved in an
altercation with some pioneers who were floating down the Tennessee
River and killed all the boatman in June, 1774. BOWLES and his
followers then manned the boats and navigated them to the mouth of the
St. Francis River in the Spanish Province of Louisiana. There they
freed the women and children and allowed to continue to New Orleans.
Because of this incident, BOWLES and his followers were expelled
from the tribe and they crossed the Mississippi River to live in

About 1811, a terrible earthquake frightened them so badly they moved
down into Arkansas and lived at Lost Prairie. It was in that
earthquake that Reelfoot Lake was formed in western Tennessee and the
Mississippi River flowed backward for more than an hour. After a time
at Lost Prairie they learned they were not on the lands specified in
the Cherokee Treaty of 1819. They then moved again, down across the
Red River into the area where Dallas stands today. On July 18, 1969,
W. W. Keeler of Bartlesville, Okla., principle chief Of the Cherokee
Nation, unveiled a historical marker overlooking the R. L. TNORNTON
Freeway in Dallas, commemorating the settlement of Chief BOWLES and
90 members of the Cherokee Nation in the Dallas area in 1819. The
Cherokees were considered to be the first immigrants in the Dallas
area from the United States.3 The wild Prairie Indians forced B0WLES
and his people to leave there and move into the area about 50 miles
north of Nacogdoches where Chief BOWLES established his village.

About 1823, Richard FIELDS and Chief BOWLES went to Mexico City to
petition the Mexican government for title to the land where they lived.
A new set of officials had been installed and they told the Indians
that since no Colonization Law had been passed, no action could be
taken then. When a colonization law was passed by Texas and Coahuila
on March 25, 1825, and many grants were made to the Empresarios, the
tcrritory granted to Hayden F. EDWARDS included the country claimed
by the Cherokees.4

BOWLES lost much of his influence when John Dunn HUNTER and Richard
FIELDS attained power. Following the Fredonian Rebellion of 1327,
HUNTER and FIELDS were murdered and BOWLES became military leader
while BIG MUSH became civil leader of the tribe.5 Chief BOWLES was
then given a Lieutenant Colonels commission and a fine military hat
by the Mexican government. In May 1835, at the suggestion of Indian
Agent Ellis P. BEAN, the Mexican government offered to give the
Cherokees a "selection out of the vacant lands of Texas, that land
which may appear most appropriate for the location of the peaceable
and civilized Indians." But the Cherokees didn't want to move to
other lands. They wanted the land where they were living.6 By this
time the tribe numbered 150 families, about 800 people with 200 of
them men. The Cherokees owned 3,000 head of cattle and as many hogs,
and 600 head of horses. The majority of the people knew how to read
and write, and a school for young men was conducted in their village.
The Cherokees cultivated their fields and wove their own cotton into
cloth and made it into clothing.

The clouds of war loomed ominously on the horizon and a Texas
rebellion against the Mexican government seemed eminent. A provisional
government was established by the Texans on November 11, 1835, with
Henry SMITH elected Governor and James W. BINSON elected Lieutenant
Governor. This action was taken at the General Consultation of Texas
at San Felipe de Austin on the Brazos River. In an attempt to resolve
the Indian problem in East Texas, a "Solemn Declaration" was
unanimously adopted on Nov. 13 by the 54 members of the Consultation,
to give the Cherokees the land they were living on. Of course General
Sam HOUSTON who had just been elected Commander-In-Chief of the Texas
army, supported it with all his power. HOUSTON and BOWLES had been
friends since their childhood in Tennessee when HOUSTON would go and
spend much of his time with the Indians. The first treaty negotiated
by the Provisional government of Texas was signed in BOWLES' village
on Feb. 23, 1836, by HOUSTON and John FORBES for the government and
John BOWLES (the Chlef's son) and TENUTA signing for the Cherokees,
Shawnees, Delawares, Kickapoos, Quapaws, Biloxi, Ioni, Alabama,
Coushattas, Caddoes of Neches, Tahocullakes and Mataquo. Among other
statements, the second article stated that the tribes should own the
following lands: Beginning on the west bank at the point where the
San Antonio Road crosses the River Angelina, and running up said
river until it reaches the mouth of the first large creek below the
great Shawnee village emptying into the said river from the northeast,
thence running with said creek to its source and from thence a due
north line to the Sabine River and with said river west; then starting
where the San Antonio Road crosses the Angelina River and with said
road to the point where it crosses the Neches River and thence running
up the east side of said river in a northwest direction. This area was
about fifty miles long and thirty miles wide and comprised present day
Smith and Cherokee Counties and parts of Van Zandt, Rusk and Gregg
Counties. The Indians could not sell or lease land to any person who
was not a member of their tribe, nor could any citizen of Texas buy or
lease land from the Indians. After the signing of this Treaty, General
HOUSTON revortedly presented Chief BOWLES with a sword, a red silk vest
and a sash.7

After the war with Mexico, and Texas had gained its Independence,
HOUSTON was elected President and one of his first acts was to send the
Treaty to the Texas Senate for ratification. Nearly a year later, the
Senate reported that the Cherokee Treaty would be detrimental to the
Republic of Texas and a violation of the legal rights of many citizens.
One of the greatest reasons for this decision was that David G. BURNET
had been granted land, part of which was in that claimed by the
Cherokees. On December 26, 1837, the Treaty was declared "null and
void". Of course, HOUSTON was greatly disappointed and distressed by
this decision. He did not give up getting the treaty ratified and even
went so far as to have General Thomas J. RUSK, Commander of the Texas
Militia, have the line laid out according to the Treaty of 1836. On
Nov. 10, 1838, Alexander HORTON wrote HOUSTON that the line had been
run in 19 days with 34 whites and 16 Indians.8 This was the last
action HOUSTON could take for his term expired and Mirabeau Buonaparte
LAMAR was elected president. LAMAR wanted the Indians expelled from
Texas. The new cabinet made the boast that they would kill off
HOUSTON'S pet Indians.9

And then came the CORDOVA uprising. In August, 1838, it was learned
that six hundred Mexicans and Indians under the command of Vincente
CORDOVA and Nathaniel NORRIS were encamped on the Angelina River.
These actions seemed to an armed rebellion against the constituted
authorities. Thomas Jefferson RUSK of Nacogdoches, Major General of
the Texas militia, immediately enlisted a company of about 700
volunteers to quell the uprising. General RUSK went to the village
of BOWLES but CORDOVA and his followers had gone to the Kickapoo
village in what is now northeastarn Anderson County. RUSK'S army was
then disbanded.

On October 5, 1838, eighteen members of the Killough family,
including married sons and daughters and their children, who had
come from Alabama to Texas in 1837, were brutally murdered near the
settlement of Larissa, in present Cherokee County. Of course, since
this occurred inside the Cherokee nation BOWLES and his people were
blamed for it.10 This incident so inflamed the Texans toward the
Indians that little concern was shown for the Cherokee rights in
Texas. This time RUSK with 250 men attacked the KICKAPOO village
killing eleven men while losing only 35 horses but no Texans.

In May, 1839, Manuel FLORES, the Mexican Indian agent at Matamoros,
started for Texas with a large pack train consisting of about 30 men
and 150 horses and mules, most of them loaded with supplies,
ammunition and arms. FLORES had been ordered to deliver important
papers to CORDOVA. Among the men were some renegade Cherokees from
BOWLES'S nation. A group of about 20 Texans followed the Mexicans
and finally caught up with them on a bluff overlooking the San
Gabriel River. In an exchange of gunfire, FLORES was killed and his
men ran away. Papers of great importance were found on his body and
they were quickly carried to President LAMAR.

Some of the papers were addressed to Chief BOWLES and other Indian
chiefs, promising them their lands if they would join the Mexicans in
an uprising. Those letters spelled the doom of the Texas Cherokees.
When news of the captured letters spread through Texas, tempers flared
and fears of Indian uprisings were rampant.

In April of 1839, President LAMAR sent Major B. C. WALTERS with a
company of mounted volunteers to establish a fort at the Neches
Saline, within the limits of the territory alloted to the Cherokees
and allied tribes by the unratified treaty of Feb. 1336. The Indian
chiefs who met him there warned him not to build a fort on Indian land.
WALTERS, thereupon, prudently withdrew to the other side of the Neches
River, began work on a fort and waited instructions from the government.
The fort was built in haste; it was probably small and inadequate for
defense against a determined attack by the Indians. The place was
named Fort SALINE and was abandoned sometime in May, 1839. The exact
location of Fort SALINE has not been determined but it probably was in
the area between HIGHSON and FLAT CREEKS and near the State Highway
155 bridge over the Neches River.11

After abandoning Fort SALINE, Major WALTERS and his troops moved down
to the abandoned Kickapoo village which had been the scene of a battle
between the Texans and CORDOVA'S Indians on Oct. 16, 1838, a few days
after the KILLOUGH Massacre, and established a fort there.

The action of Chief BOWLES in refusing to let Major WALTERS occupy
the Neches Saline completely outraged President LAMAR. He immediately
wrote Chief BOWLES a hot letter advising him that "The Cherokee will
never be permitted to establish a permanent and independent
jurisdiction within the inhabited limits of Texas." The letter was
sent to BOWLES by Indian Agent Martin LACY who was accompanied by
Dr. W. C. JOWERS, John H. REAGAN and a half-blood Mexican interpreter
named CORDAY. The letter also advised BOWLES that they would be
permitted to remain in undisturbed enjoyment of their present
possession until Congress shall be able to make some final
arrangements, satisfactory to both parties, for their return to their
own tribes beyond the Red River.12

LACY, REAGAN, JOWERS and CORDRAY rode into the Cherokee village and
to the Chief's cabin, which was located about six miles east of the
Neches River in what is now Smith County, close to the present day
town of Bullard. He greeted them, led them to a deep, cool spring
behind his cabin and invited them to sit down on a dead tree. After
the interpreter read the letter to the Chief, BOWLES told LACY that
he could not reply to the letter until he had talked with his headmen.
He asked Agent LACY to come back in ten days for his answer. So, LACY
and his companions rode away.13

When the ten days had elapsed, LACY and his same companions rode back
to the Cherokee village where BOWLES again led them to the spring
behind his cabin and invited them to sit down on the dead tree, and
told them that his young warriors wanted war because they believed
they could whip the Texans. However, he said that he and BIG MUSH did
not want war. He added that if he fought the whites they would kill
him, but if he did not fight them, his braves would kill him. He told
them he was an old man 83 years of age and would not live much longer
but he had led his people too long to quit them now. After BOWLES'S
answer was reported to LAMAR, he appointed Vice-President David G.
BURNET, Secretary of War. Albert Sidney JOHNSTON, General Thomas J.
RUSK, Major James S. MAYFIELD and I. W. BURTON as commissioners to
negotiate the immediate removal of the Indians to the area north of
the Red River where the eastern Cherokees had been removed to from
Georgia the year before in what would become known as the "Trail of
Tears". In a letter dated June 27, 1339, President LAMAR instructed
the commissioners to "Negotiate removal of the Cherokee and all other
tribes by peaceful means if possible. They should not agree to pay the
Indians more than $25,000 but under no circumstances can they be
permitted to remain in the country longer than is required to make the
necessary preparations for their removal. Unless they consent at once
to receive a fair compensation for their improvements and other
property and remove out of this country, nothing short of the entire
destruction of all they possess and the extermination of their tribe
will appease the indignation of the white people aginst them.14

General RUSK'S East Texas Regiment was the first to arrive upon the
field. "They first went to Fort KICKAPOO, located at the abandoned
Kickapoo village in northeastern Anderson County, 2 1/2 miles
southsouthwest of Frankston. But on July 10, they moved across the
Neches River and set up Camp JOHNSTON. Prior to this move, the
Commissioners had conducted their negotiations from Fort KICKAPOO.
They had even written up their so-called "Articles of Agreement" for
BOWLES and his headmen to sign, while there. One part of this
agreement stipulated that all of the gun locks except fifty would be
turned over to the Texans. This really upset the Indians for they
feared that as soon as they turned their gun locks over to the troops
they would be killed. Chief BOWLES refused to sign the treaty.15

Camp JOHNSTON was the final assembly point for the volunteer troops and
BURLESON'S regulars of the First Infantry Regiment. The site was in
extreme southwestern Smith County, adjacent to the Neches Saline, about
five miles southwest of the town of Flint and in the vicinity of
Teaselville. The site is marked by a granite marker across the road in
front of the old John DEWBERRY house.16

In the early part of July, 1839, Captain Adam CLENDENIN and his
Company of regulars from the First Infantry were ordered to establish
a fort in the area. This one was built around the house of Dr. E. J.
DeBARD, who settled in the area about 1833 and in 1838 was in
partnership with Chief BOWLES in the salt making business at the Neches
Saline. They made salt in huge iron pots bought in Shreveport for $117.
16A The forts central buildings were DeBARDS house and warehouse. A
few cabins to serve as barracks and a stockade were doubtless erected
around the buildings. The work was done in great haste for CLENDENIN'S
company arrived at Camp JOHNSTON about July 14. This new fort was named
Fort LAMAR for the President of the Texas Republic. Fort LAMAR stood in
the southwestern part of Smith County, some five miles southwest of
Flint and about a mile west of the Community of Teaselville. After the
battles of July 15 and 16, the Texan wounded were sent there where army
surgeons had established their hospital. Some of the less seriously
wounded reached the Fort on July 18. CLENDENIN'S troops remained at
the fort until Aug. 12, then it was empty for a time. In the last days
of 1839 or early 1840, Second Lt. Abram H. SCOTT was ordered to the
Saline. It is thought that he occupied Fort LAMAR for a time and
8hanged the name to Fort SCOTT. It is possible, however, that he
established another, new fortification. Fort SCOTT was named Fort
SKERRETT sometime after April 30, 1840, and the garrison was withdrawn
on July 11. The site of Forts SCOTT and SKERRETT were about the same
as Fort LAMAR.17

The Commissioners met with Chief BOWLES on July 11 in his camp on
Coucil Creek. He rejected the agreement saying that his young
warriors would not give up their gun locks. He feared they would run
away first. At the meeting on July 12, it had become apparent that
BOWLES was stalling for time. One of the reasons he gave for not
starting for the Red River right away was that they didn't have
enough lead for his people to kill game on the way. BOWLES was
actually waiting to gather more Indians around him. However, the
Texans didn't mind this waiting so much for they, too, were waiting
for reinforcements to arrive before starting the war. Gen. BURLESON
had been on the Colorado River collecting forces to operate against
the wild Indians when he received orders to march with his men on
East Texas. He reached Camp JOHNSTON July 14. General LANDRUM, from
San Augustine, arrived with his troops on July 13.13

On the morning of July 14, the Commissioners could sense the
hostility of BOWLES and his headmen. SPYBUCK of the SHAWNEES said
they would need two moons to get ready. The Texans urged BOWLES and
his headmen to sign the treaty. BOWLES said many of his men were
away from camp. He was told that those there could sign and the
others could sign when they returned. BIG MUSH had not been present
at any of the meetings. Major MAYFIELD then told BOWLES that the
Texans wanted no further delay and some action had to be taken.

The next morning Major MAYFIELD, Colonels MCLEOD and WILLIAMS, John
THORN and James DURST returned to BOWLES' camp to find the Chief
with about 80 warriors there. After consulting with BOWLES, he told
them his warriors would not sign the treaty.

Soon after MAYFIELD and his companions returned to their camp, Chief
BOWLES, his son John BOWLES, and Fox FILEDS, carrying a flag of truce,
rode into the Texas camp and gave notice that they would move west of
the Neches River that morning. BOWLES was told that the Texans would
also break camp and follow the Indians. With the July heat and the
restlessness of the troops, the Texans were eager to get it over with.
BURLESON and RUSK with their troops headed directly for BOWLES'S camp
only to find them gone. They followed the Indian trail for about six
miles, crossed the Neches River about 100 yards south of where Indian
Creek runs into it, and found them in the late afternoon near the
Delaware village west of the Neches River. General RUSK motioned them
forward. They advanced a short distance, yelling and firing their
rifles, then took refuge in a thicket covering the bottom of a ravine.
The Texans charged the ravine and quickly killed 18 warriors, putting
the rest to rout in wild confusion. Two Texans were killed, Dr.
RODGERS of Nacogdoches and Col. CRANE of Montgomery County, and a
third one was mortally wounded.19

By that time, night had fallen and the Texans made camp at the battle
site. This place was named Camp CARTER. It was doubtless named for
Captain James CARTER, leader of the scout company which made the first
contact with the Indians in the battle of that day, July 15, 1839, the
first battle of the Cherokee War. The site was near the Delaware
village in northeastern present day Henderson County on Battle Creek,
about two miles north of Chandler.20

Before making camp though, the troops gathered the booty they had
captured from the fleeing Indians. There were five kegs of powder and
250 pounds of lead, many horses, cattle, corn and other supplies. Most
of the Texans that night remained on guard although some rode back to
protect outlying settlements from marauding and vengeful Indians.

On the next day, July 16, the Texans again set out in pursuit of the
Indians. They passed the Delaware village and left it in flames. They
soon came upon a mile-long line of warriors near the Neches River, in
present Van Zandt County. Both sides attacked and the fighting
continued for an hour and half. For a time it seemed as though the
Indians would win out, but then General Kelsey H. DOUGLASS, overall
commander, called on the troops to concentrate their fire on the

Chief BOWLES was mounted on a handsome horse with blazed face and
four white feet. He had been trying valiantly to rally his forces.
Clutching the sword his friend, Sam HOUSTON, had given him and dressed
in the bright red silk vest and sash, with the military hat on his
head, BOWLES made an imposing figure as he rode back and forth urging
his warriors on. John H. REAGAN reported that BOWLES'S horse had been
shot several times and fell to the ground throwing off his rider. The
Chief slowly rose to his feet and started walking in the direction
his warriors had taken. As he did so, he was shot in the back by Henry
CONNER. The Chief took a few steps and fell, then rose to a sitting
position facing his enemies. REAGAN ran forward to try and save the
Chief's life but before he could do so, Captain Robert SMITH
approching from another direction, shot BOWLES through the head with
his pistol. REAGAN excused SMTTH'S action because BOWLES had a pair
of pistols, a knife and a sword and he had not asked for quarter. It
was also said that SMITH killed BOWLES because BOWLES had killed
SMITH'S father-in-law. The sword was taken from the Chief's dead hand
and present to SMITH. It was later donated to the Masonic Lodge of
Henderson. It was carried through the Civil War by Colonel James H.
JONES. About 1890 it was presented to the Cherokee Nation and is now
owned by the Talequah, Okla. Masonic Lodge. John Henry BROWN wrote
that at least half a dozen men claimed to have killed BOWLES.21

The old Chief's body was mutilated after his death. Sorrow and
disorder among the Indians followed. BIG MUSH was also killed in the
battle. The other Indians scattered, hiding in the dense cane brakes
along the river and creek bottoms. BOWLES'S body was left where he had
fallen. One Texan cut strips of skin from the Chief's back to make
bridle reins. The old man was also scalped by one of the Texas troops.
The Texans made camp there at the battle site that night. All night
long they heard the moaning and wailing as the Cherokees mourned their

This camp site was named Camp RUSK, the second one to be so named, in
honor of General Thomas J. RUSK. It was at the site of the last battle
in the Cherokee War of 1839, just west of the Neches River in present
day Van Zandt County about two miles north of Redlands Community. The
site is marked by a granite marker.23

Next morning when the sun came upf the river bottom was empty. The
Indians were gone. They had vanished like the early morning mists on
the Neches. Some of them went to Arkansas; others went to Indian
Territory bringing with them the bloodstained canister containing the
patent for their Texas land which BOWLES had carried about with him
since the treaty with HOUSTON and which he had upon his person when
he was shot. After the short final struggle, General DOUGLASS wrote
his report to Secratary of War JOHNSTON, telling him that "the
Notorious Mexican ally, BOWLES" had been killed. "All Texans behaved
so gallantly it would be invidious to particularize", he added.

This battle of the Neches was one of the most important battles ever
fought on Texas soil. It is ranked second only to the Battle of San
Jacinto. Eight hundred warriors fought about nine hundred Texans.
Over one hundred warriors died while five Texans were killed and
twenty seven were wounded.

The Texans were not through with the Cherokees, though, for as they
crossed the Red River into Indian Territory, a party of hunters
fired on them killing four more.24

Mr. HARPER, who owned the farm for a time where the battle took place,
said when he was a boy about ten years old, an aged lady lived in that
area named Mrs. BOHANNON. She told how, when she was a young girl, she
lived near the battle site. A few days after the battle the sky was
real black in that direction. They rode their horses to the place to
see what was happening and they found the sky filled with buzzards
and all those Indian bodies scattered around. Mrs. BOHANNON died at
the age of 90. An early settler named Tom INGRAM could see the
skeleton of the Cherokee Chief near the Neches River when he hunted
or fished in the area. He said the skull remained for many years near
the spot where the Chief had been slain. BOWLES had led his tribe
for nearly fifty years, yet when he was killed in battle they left
his body where it fell. The BOWL had been scalped and according to
tribal custom, funeral honors were paid only to unscalped braves.

The Texas troops followed the Indians to the shore of Lake Burleson
where a camp was made. This camp is believed to have been named Camp
WOODLIEF. It was named for Lieut. Col. Devereaux J. WOODLIEF, second
in command of KARNE'S Cavalry Regiment, a part of Col. BURLESON'S
First Infantry. This camp was occupied after July 17, when the army
left Camp RUSK. It was on the west side of Burleson Lake in
Northwestern Smith County, about three and one half miles south
southwest of Mineola.25 When the volunteers were disbanded and sent
home, they would be going in small groups and did want to be burdened
with heavy weapons and unneeded small arms. Col. BURLESON ordered a
cannon and some small arms to be thrown into the lake so they would
not fall into the hands of roving Indians or outlaws. It was there,
38 years later, a group of young men composed of J. T. COPELAND, Ben
and Lum COPELAND, Riley STEWART and his 10 year old son, John, were
in swimming when one of the group, while diving in the placid waters
of BURLESON Lake discovered the wheels of what is believed to be the
old cannon almost covered with mud. In an edition of the Courier
Times-Telegraph on April 28, 1940, John STEWART related the story of
that swim and showed where on Lake Burleson it took place. He said
many efforts had been made to recover the old cannon but all efforts
had failed and the murky bottom still held the gun.26

The Texans followed the Indians trail for the next ten days, burning
their villages when they came upon them. They appropriated enough
corn to supply the army for a year. They finally made their was to
Camp HARRIS. The troops were disbanded on July 25, with some
remaining there until July 29. Camp HARRIS was at or near the house
of the Delaware Chief HARRIS, (the one for whom Harris Creek was
named). His house was the "HARRIS" mentioned in Gen. Kelsey H.
DOUGLASS'S report on the Cherokee campaign. The site is about nine
miles northeast of present day Tyler, Smith County, near the Harris
Creek Baptist Church.27

This war is said to have ended a Chief, to have ended a tribe, and
to have ended an era when the Cherokees were driven from Texas.
However, this was not the end of that tribe in Texas. On Christmas
Day, 1839, Col. Edward BURLESON and his troops were making a winter
campaign between the Brazos and the Colorado Rivers when they
encountered John BOWLES and his party near the mouth of the San Saba
River in San Saba County. The Indians were trying to make their way
to Mexico. They fired as soon as they saw the Texans. Many of them,
including John BOWLES and THE EGG, were killed by return fire in the
short, fierce battle that followed. John's mother, two sisters, and
three children were taken prisoner. When John BOWLES was killed, he
was wearing the large black military hat that Chief BOWLES had worn
when he was killed. No doubt he had gone back to the battlefield on
the night of his father's death and retreived the hat along with a
pair of pistols and a Bowie knife which Chief BOWLES was said to
have been carrying and which were never accounted for.

Before this last fight with the Cherokees, however, the Texans had
achieved what they fought for --- the red man's land.28


1. "Chief Bowles and the Texas Cherokees" by Mary W. CLARK, 1971,
University of Oklahoma Press, p 8.
2. IBID. pp 9.
3. IBID. pp 14.
4. IBID. pp 25.
5. IBID. pp 50.
6. IBID. pp 56.
7. IBID. pp. 61-63.
8. IBID. pp 75.
9. IBID. pp 77.
10. IBID. PP 85-86.
11. "Texas Under Arms" by Gerald S. PIERCE, 1969, Encino Press,
pp 125-126.
12. "Chief BOWLES and the Texas Cherokees", pp 93.
13. IBID. pp 95.
14. IBID. pp 97.
15. IBID. PP 104.
16. "Texas Under Arms." pp 79-80.
16-A Smith County Deed Records - M-241, N-588.
17. IBID. pp 155.
18. "A History of Smith County, Texas" by William R. Ward. pp 40.
19. IBID. pp 105-106.
20. "Texas Under Arms" pp 26-27 (Camp Carter).
21. "Indian Wars and Pioneers of Texas" by John Henry BROWN.
22. "Chief BOWLES and the Texas Cherokees" pp 106-110.
23. "Texas Under Arms" (Camp Rusk) pp 122-123.
24. "Chief BOWLES and the Texas Cherokees". pp 11.
25. "Texas Under Arms". pp 181-182.
26. Courier-Times-Telegraph of Tyler, April 28, 1940.
27. "Texas Under Arms". pp 64-65.
28. "Chief BOWLES and the Texas Cherokees". pp 111-112.

Howard O. Pollan, President of the East Texas Genealogical Society,
is a Past-President of Smith County Historical Society and has held
many offices through the years in both organizations. He is well
known in the field of history and genealogy in East Texas. 
Bowles/Boles John
185 >1 John Boles
>Birth:ca 1720, In Ireland
>Death:1796, Abbeville County, S. Carolina
>John Boles will is dated October 31, 1795. R.L. Guffin
>John Bole enlisted in the First Troop of Georgia Rangers, formed as
>a defense against the Indians, under Captain John Milledge, and
>served to February, 1761. (Colonial Soldiers of the South, Clark)
>Joh Bole's name appears on a jury list of persons residing near
>Ninety-six court house who were eligible for jury duty.
>The name of John Boles appears on a list of soldiers from the Upper
>Ninety-Six Regiment, South Carolina Militia (200men) who fought at
>the battle of Kettle Creek in Wilkes County, Georgia.
>John Boles patented 300 acres of land prior to 1766 in Granville
>County (now Abbeville) on Long Cane Creek across the Savannah River
>from Lincoln County, Ga.
>1783-1786: John Bole's name appears in the original index book of
>Revolutionary claims filed in South Carolina.
>31 October 1795. In the name of God Amen, I, John Bole of
>Abbeville County, South Carolina being weak in body but of sound and
>perfect mind and memory blessed be God for the same considering the
>uncertainty of this mortal life do make and publish this my last
>will and testament in manner following Viz: First I do give and
>bequeath unto my beloved wife Anne Bole the one half of the land on
>which I now live to be hers during her life, also one horse and two
>cows together with all my stock of hogs, plantation tools and
>household furniture to be for the use of the family. Next I do give
>and bequeath to my son Henry Bole fifty acres of land as aforesaid
>his mother's part at her death together with his mare and saddle and
>a cow and calf. Next I do give and bequeath to my son Isaac Bole
>fifty acres of land. Next I do give and bequeath to John Carlile,
>Isaac C. Bole, Andrew Wilson and Mary Ward one heifer each, and to
>the rest of my sons and son-in-laws five shillings each. I do
>appoint William Bole and James Carlile executors of this my last
>will and testament. Signed and sealed this 31st day of October in
>the year of our Lord 1795. S/John Boles. Signed and sealed in the
>present of William McKinley, Francis Carlile. Recorded 25 March 1796.
>Did John have brothers William and Isaiah Bowles? Lincoln County,
>Ga. 1805land lottery lists????
>1790 census Abbeville South Carolina
>John Boals 2 males 16 or over ( John and Harvey)
> 2 males under 16 (Isaiah and Henry)
> 2 females (Ann Ramsey & unnamed daughter who married a
>William Boals 1 male 16 or over
> 1 male under 16
> 2 females
>Spouse:Ann Ramsey
>Death:1801, AbbevilleCounty, S. Carolina
>Father:Unknown Ramsey
>Mother:Jane Harvey
>Children:James (1765-1836)
>Isaac C. (1776-1843)
>John (1831-)
>Jane (1760-1838)
>1.1 James Boles Senior
>Birth:1765, Abbeville, S. Carolina
>Death:1836, Pike County, Al
>A J.P. Boles fought with the 53rd partisan Rangers. Gregg Jennings.
>On application, ordered: That a Passport (to travel through the
>Creek Indian Naton) be prepared for Messrs. Isaac Ledbetter and
>James Bolles from the county of Jones in this State which was
>present and signed. 1810. Passports of Southeastern Pioneers
>1770-1823, page 268: Executive Department, Thursday 4th October
>James Boles, Sr., of Wallers District, Jones County, Georgia, and
>his family moved to Aabama, problably in oxen drawn two-wheeled
>carts or by walking.
>James Boles, Sheriff, elected 6 September 1827, and Isaac Ledbetter,
>first county judge, 21 Novm, 1826. From Piney Woods Echoes, Watson.
>Children:Elijah (1808-1894)
>Isaac (1815-)
>James (ca1800->1860)
>Isaiah (ca1790-)
>1.2 Isaac C. Boles
>Birth:1776, South Carolina
>Death:1843, Marion County, Missippie
>Named in his grandfather's will. RLG
>Spouse:Elizabeth Brown Williams
>Death:aft 1860, Talladega County, Al.
>Children:Margaret Brown (1799-)
>1.3 John Boles Jr.
>Birth:Mar 1831, AbbevilleCounty, S. Carolina
>Spouse:Unknown (Boles)
>1.4 Isaiah Boles
>1.5 Henry Boles
>1.6 William Boles
>Spouse:Martha Carlile
>Children:Isaac C. (1776-1843)
>1.7 Mary Boles
>Mary was named in her father's will. RLG
>Spouse:William Ward
>1.8 unknown Boles
>Spouse:John Carlile
>1.9a Jane Boles*
>Death:22 Jul 1838
>Jane's grave is in the Old Rocky River Cemetery, Abbeville County,
>S. Carolina. RLG
>Tombstone gives age of 77, which would put her birthyear at 1760/61. RLG
>Spouse:Samuel Young (S)
>Other spouses:Andrew Wilson
>1.9b Jane Boles* (See above)
>Spouse:Andrew Wilson
>Other spouses:Samuel Young (S)
>1.10 Margaret Boles
>Spouse:James Carlile
Bowles/Boles John
187 Martha is thought to have been of Native American Ancestry Bowles/Boles Martha
188 Eliza E. Box was the sister of Allen M. Box b. 1829 in South Carolina.
Allen M. was a Methodist Minister. He is in the 1850 Blount County, Alabama census. He married in 1846 Christian McIntosh.
In 1870 he is listed in the Polk County, Texas Census with 6 children, Bascomb, George P. Swaine C., Mary P. Allen M. Jr. and George A. In this census a Mary Keesee b. 1855 is living with Allen and his family. This would be his niece, daughter of Robert Wooding and Eliza/Elizabeth Box Keesee.

The sister of Allen and Eliza Box, Lydia Caroline married James Jackson Monroe Woodley of Lavaca County, Texas. They lived in Walker County in 1850. The daughter, Mildred, of Lydia Caroline and Jackson Woodley married Walstein Keesee. Walstein was the brother of Robert Wooding Keesee. Walstin Cazee is listed in the 1870 Lavaca County, Texas census.

Elizabeth (Box) Keesee

Birth: unknown
Death: Nov., 1901

Noverber 14, 1901. Volume 14. Number 19
Mangum Star

Died. About 11 o'clock last Friday night the souk of Mrs. Elizabeth Keesee, age 69, left its tenement of clay and winged its flight across the river that marks the unknown shore...Deceased came to Mangum a little over a year ago and resided with her daughter, Mrs. Stribling...The remains were interred in Mangum cemetery at 10 o'clock Saturday morning, Rev. J.W. Roper, of the M.E. Church conducted the obsequies

Riverside Cemetery
Greer County
Oklahoma, USA

Created by: Bertha Avery-Hood
Record added: Jan 05, 2013
Find A Grave Memorial# 103110790
Box Eliza E

From: GAGenWeb Archives
Subject: Ga-Meriwether Co. Deed (Leveritt)
Date: 26 Mar 2005 03:08:14 -0000

Meriwether County GaArchives Deed.....Boyd, John - Leveritt, Duncan December 25, 1830
Copyright. All rights reserved.

File contributed for use in USGenWeb Archives by:
Judy Kilgore March 25, 2005, 10:08 pm

Land Lot 252, 10th District
Written: December 25, 1830
Recorded: December 25, 1830

25 Dec 1830 (recorded 25 Dec 1830)
(202 1/2 acres, 10th Dist.)

Copied from Deed Book A, Offices of the Superior Court,
Greenville, Meriwether County, Georgia
By Judy Fowler Kilgore

Meriwether County Deed Book A, pages 414-415

Meriwether County

This indenture made this the twenty-fifth day of December, Eighteen hundred and
thirty, between Duncan Leveritt of the County of Meriwether and state aforesaid
if the one part and John Boyd of the county and state aforesaid of the other
part Witnesseth that for the sum of three (?) hundred and fifteen dollars to
him in hand paid by the said John Boyd at and before the sealing and delivery of
these presents, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged hath granted,
bargained, sold, conveyed, and confirmed and by these presents do grant,
bargain, sell, convey and confirm unto the said John Boyd his heirs and assigns
all that tract or parcel of land containing two hundred two and a half acres
situated lying and being in the Tenth district formerly Troup County now
Meriwether. Known and distinguished in the plan of said district by Lot number
two hundred and fifty two (252), to have and hold said tract or parcel of land
unto him, the said John Boyd, his heirs and assigns together with all and
singular the rights members and appurtenances thereof to the same in any manner
belonging to his and their own proper use benefit and behoof forever in fee
simple. And the said Duncan Leveritt for himself, his heirs, executors and
administrators, the said bargained premises unto the John Boyd, his heirs
executors and administrators will warrant and forever defend the right and title
thereof against themselves and against the claims of all other persons whatever.
In witness whereof the said Duncan Leveritt has hereunto set his hand and seal
the day and year above written.

Duncan Leveritt (Seal)

Signed sealed and delivered in presence of
William Mote
Levi M. Adams C.S.C.

Recorded this 25th day of Dec. 1830 Le

Additional Comments:
This John Boyd is probably the John Boyd, husband of Eleanor, of Abbeville,
South Carolina, who died in 1836 and left a son, John B. Boyd, who was appointed
administrator of John Sr.'s estate in Meriwether County. (See Meriwether County
Ordinary Court Minutes, Book 1, p. 100.) This John Boyd Sr.’s estate also was
administered in Abbeville District, South Carolina, 12 Sept. 1836, by John’s
son-in-law, William Campbell, leaving legatees Eleanor Boyd (widow), Hugh Boyd,
William Boyd, John Boyd, Ebenezer Boyd, A.P Boyd (Alexander), Hannah Boyd, Jane
Boyd, Robert Boyd, and Adam Boyd. (See Box 5, Package 93, Abbeville Dist., SC).
Also in Box 12, Packages 247 and 248 respectively, Abbeville Dist., Hugh Boyd
was made guardian of Adam Boyd, a minor (7 Dec. 1838), and William Campbell was
made guardian of Robert Boyd, a minor (7 Dec. 1838). John Boyd’s estate
administration in Meriwether named these same persons as distributees of the
estate (estate administration concluded in March of 1840, Meriwether County,
Georgia, Annual Returns, Book A, p. 405), specifically stating that Hugh Boyd
was the guardian of Adam Boyd and William Campbell was the guardian of Robert
Boyd. William Campbell was married to John Boyd’s daughter, Martha H. Boyd, and
received her portion of the estate for her.

The above John Boyd appears to have come to Meriwether County shortly before
1830 and appears in the 1830 census with a wife and five children, 4 boys and 1
girl. For whatever reason, it also appears he returned to South Carolina
sometime after 1830 and possibly died there in 1836. In his estate records in
Meriwether, the phrase “ … John Boyd, late of Meriwether County, deceased … "
is noticeably NOT used, as is the case of most persons who died in the county,
but the phrase “ … John Boyd, deceased …” is used instead. He owned property in
Georgia in both Meriwether and Marion counties, as the estate administration
shows, and probably owned property in Abbeville as well. There was no estate
appraisal or sale in Meriwether, which may be another indication John did not
live there when he died.

Two of John’s sons, Alexander Boyd and John B. Boyd, moved to Meriwether and
appear in the 1840 census in the same area as Duncan Leverett from whom John
Boyd Sr. purchased his land, as shown in the above deed. This Land Lot (No. 252
in the 10th District) is about five miles due north of present

File at:

Boyd John, Sr.
190 He graduated from Gainesville College in 1875 and was a merchant and postmaster for 25 years at Personvile, Limestone County, Texas Boyd John Frank
191 PERSONVILLE, TEXAS. Personville is on State highways 164 and 39, twelve miles southeast of Groesbeck in southeastern Limestone County. It was founded in 1854 by B. D. Person, a native of North Carolina, who moved in 1851 from Shelby County, Tennessee, to Shelby County, Texas. In 1854 he moved to the site of what is now Personville in Limestone County. Around that time the site had several families, a blacksmith shop, and a dramshop. The Personville post office was established in 1855 with William Person as postmaster, and the town had an estimated population of thirty. There was some debate in early years over the name of the town; some wanted to call it Lost Prairie. By 1857 it had six or eight residences, three dry-goods stores, two grocery stores, a blacksmith shop, a bowling alley, and a cotton gin. In 1882 John Frank Boyd taught school and established the Boyd Drug and General Merchandise Company. He was also the unofficial undertaker. R. P. Merrill opened a dry-goods store in the early 1880s and was reported to have an extremely large stock for that time. In 1906 the Houston and Texas Central Railway built the Nelleva cutoff, and Personville became a stop on the route. The cutoff was not profitable, however, and so was abandoned in 1933. State Highway 39 was later built on the cutoff. By 1914 the town had a population estimated at 200 and eight businesses. By 1967, however, it had only one business. Its population also dropped sharply, from 300 in 1929 to twenty by 1967. The population probably declined because of changes in local agriculture and the aftereffects of World War II. In 1990 Personville had a Baptist church, a cemetery, and a school. In 2000 the population was fifty. Boyd John Frank
192 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
193 It is thought that the Boyd and Marshall families migrated from Alabama to Texas together. Boyd Richard W
194 Birth: 1820
Alabama, USA
Death: 1855

Samuel L Boyd was born ca 1820 in Alabama. Parents are unknown.

He and his wife Mary Green were living in Benton County (currently Calhoun County), Alabama, in 1850. They had five children: Augustus, twins Eugenia and Oscar, Samuel, and Julia Boyd.

On 3 February 1853, Samuel purchased 555 acres of land from William and Rebecca Love and on 17 July 1854, he purchased 911 acres from WW Hackworth in Washington County, Texas, just west of the present town of Burton in the Samuel Hinch League.

Although no death date has been found, it is believed that he had died by 12 January 1856, the probable date of the inventory in the probate records. His estate was valued at $20,079, of which $10,000 was land. He was probably buried in the family cemetery.

His widow married William H Carmack and she continued to live on the original Boyd property with her new husband.

Family links:
Mary Green Boyd Carmack (1820 - 1897)*

Augustus Boyd (1842 - 1867)*
Eugenia Boyd (1844 - ____)*
Oscar Boyd (1844 - ____)*
Samuel Boyd (1847 - 1869)*
Julia Boyd (1848 - 1867)*

*Calculated relationship

Boyd-Carmack Cemetery
Washington County
Texas, USA

Maintained by: Washington County Geneal...
Originally Created by: meet Virginia
Record added: Feb 18, 2010
Find A Grave Memorial# 48302618
Boyd Samuel L.
195 1817 Hez. Spires requests the distribution of the estate of Isaac Willingham in right of his wife to:
Caleb Willingham
William Willingham
Reuben Willingham
John Willingham
Isaac Willingham
Mary Willingham
John and Isaac represented by their guardian William Willingham and Mary represented by her guardian Hez. Spires 
Brasfield Martha
196 Notes for Joel BRAWNER:
Joel Brawner's Will
Filed in office Sept. 18th, 1866 J.A. Howard, Ordinary
Original will is handwritten by Joel Brawner
State of Georgia:
Bartow County:
In the [name] of God Amen, I Joel Brawner of said State and County being of advanced age and knowing that I must shortly depart this life deem it rite and proper bothmy self and family that I should make a disposition of the property of which a kind Providence has blessed me with do therefore make this my last will and testament hereby revoking all others heretofore made by me. I give and bequeath to Betsy Ann Sanders heirs one hundred dollars. I also appoint Jesse J. Brawner Guardian for said heirs.
John F. Brawner and his heirs and eaqueal portion of the ballance of said state.
also Jane Tolbert and her heirs and eaqueal portion of the ballance of said state.
also Sarah E. Tabler an her heirs and eaqueal portion of the balance of said state.
Sarah C. Bakers heirs and eaqueal portion of the ballance and I also appoint Jesse J. Brawner
Guardian for said heirs.
William K. Brawners heirs and eaqueal portion of the ballance of said estate.
Jesse J. Brawner and his heirs and eaqueal portion of the ballance of said estate.
Susan F. Odoms heirs and eaqueal portion of the ballance. I also appoint Jesse J. Brawner
Guardian for said heirs.
David G. Brawner and his heirs and eaqueal portion of the ballance the of said estate.
Henry M. Brawner and his heirs and eaqueal portion of the ballance of said estate.
Joel Brawner (Seal)
Signed, Sealed, delivered and published by Joel Brawner as his last Will and Testament in the presents of us the subscribers who subscribed our names hereto in the presents of said testator at his special request and each of us this 25th August 1866.
W.H. King
Test: H.M. Brawner
John F. Brawner
Source: Will of Joel Brawner, Bartow County, GA Records.
This indenture made this seventeenth day of December, eighteen hundred and twenty-two between JOEL BRAWNER of the one part and JAMES OLIVER of the other part and both of the County of Elbert, and state of Georgia witnesseth that of said JOEL BRAWNER hath for and in consideration of the sum of four hundred dollars to him in hand paid the receipt whereof I hereby acknowledged both bargained and sold release and confirmed and bt this presence doth bargain and sell release and confirm unto the said JAMES OLIVER all that parcel of land lying and being in the state and county aforesaid and on the branch of DOVES BROOK (Creek?) containing two hundred acres by the
______ more or less beginning on a black and gum corner on GATESWOOD line running from thence a straight line to a stake and corner on ROBERT KINGS line thence down said branch to a poplar and corner on said KINGS line thence down the line to a black gum corner and thence a straight line to AMBROUSE KINGS line and Spanish oak thence on said line to a post oak on THOMPSONS line thence a straight line to the beginning black gum corner thence together with all and singular rights, the rights and titles appertaining to have and to hold the aforesaid premises unto the said JAMES OLIVER his heirs and assign forever in ______ and the aforesaid JOEL BRAWNER doth hereby waiver and forever defend the aforesaid promises from himself and his heirs and assigns and from every other person or persons whatsoever so that the said JAMES OLIVER his heirs and assigns shall have ______ pocession of the land as witness my hand and seal this day and date mentioned above written.
Signed in the presence of JOEL BRAWNER
Bucley (?) Andrew
John L. Christain Recorded
this 12th Oct. 1830
Reuben Christain J.P.
Land Record:
(From Some Georgia County Records, Volume 3, Page 185)
Sheriff's Deed from James Flecther, sheriff Henry Co. on writ from Justice Court of Elbert Co., in suit of F. and R. Jordan agst. Joel Brawner, siezed land on 6th Jan 1824 sold same to Fleming Jordan for sum of $50. Deed dated 6 Jan 1824 fot tract in Henry Co., Lot No. 218 in 12th Dist. Signed: James Fletcher, Sheriff. Wit: Thos. C. Benning, David Johnson, J.P. Rec.15, Jan. 1824.
Regarding Jesse Johnson Brawner and his wife Mary Ann Quarles had 16 children.Roughly half of these children moved to Texas.
Family folklore has it that Joel Brawner (1798-1866), a native of Elbert Co., GA, was shot in the back by a Union soldier in Cartersville GA when he refused to water the horses of the Union soldiers. Joel, the story goes, died of his wound three days later, but his wife, Betsy King
(1800-1866), died immediately after the shooting of a heart attack.
Historical Marker at the Bartow County Courthouse
Bartow County
Originally Cass, Bartow County was created by Act of Dec. 3,1832 from Cherokee County. The name was changed Dec. 6, 1861 to honor Gen. Francis S. Bartow (1816-1861), Confederate political leader and soldier, who fell mortally wounded at the First Battle of Manassas, while leading the 7th and 8th Ga. Vols. of his brigade. His last words were said to be, "They have killed me, boys,
but never give up." First officers of this County, commissioned March 9, 1833, were: Benjamin F. Adair, Sheriff; Chester Hawks, Clerk Superior Court; Leathern Rankin, Clerk Inferior Court; Nealy Goodwin, Surveyor; John Pack, Coroner.
(Location: At the Courthouse in Cartersville.) 
Brawner Joel
197 Parents were Abraham Brinkley and Judith lnu Brinkley Sarah P
198 Additional Information on the
Wagon Train to Texas - 1854

For Texas

The Richmond, Virginia Enquirer of the 29th ultimo, says:
A sight, novel and interesting, was witnessed by many of our citizens on Wednesday last. A train of wagons, numbering 28 in all, accompanied by about 75 persons, male and female, old and young, passed through our city, on their way to Texas. The train was one-fourth of a mile in length, and with the large company, numerous guns, dogs, and other paraphernalia, for a long journey, formed a sight of no little interest. Upon inquiry we learned that the party consisted of 10 or more families, from the neighborhood of Sparta, Carolina County, who had united for the purpose of forming a settlement in Texas, and trying their fortunes in a fertile region of that new portion of our confederacy. The company we learn, embraced the families of Andrew S. Broaddus (with thirteen interesting children), John W. Sale, Widow Thomas Sale, N. B. Farmer, Claiborne Houston, Lunsford Houston, Mrs. Harriet Sale, John Longwell, Samuel J. Murray, Mrs. Smoot, and perhaps others. They intend making the entire journey by land, and have ample preparations for a comfortable and economical trip. They have started with a liberal amount of the "creature comforts," have fine camp equipage, for their accommodation at night and meal hours; and a social material which ensures the long journey to be one of pleasure more than fatigue. While it is a matter of regret to see so many of our good citizens leaving the Old Dominion, the homes of their fathers and the scenes of many endearing associations, we part with them with our earnest wishes for their health, happiness and prosperity in the distant place selected for their future homes. They go, we learn, to homes already selected. Like wise men, in the first place, they commissioned Mr. Broaddus, a gentleman of intelligence, to visit Texas and select an advantageous location for a "Caroline settlement." Now, they go there at an auspicious season to commence farming and to prepare for the next crops.

Source: The Texas Ranger and Lone Star, Vol. 6 ? Num. 1, Ed. 1
Washington, Texas, Saturday, October 28, 1854 
Broaddus Andrew Sidney
199 Birth: Jan. 28, 1828
Upson County
Georgia, USA
Death: Dec. 9, 1913
Austin County
Texas, USA

History of Wyatt M. Brooks

Bellville, Tex, Dec 10, '13 (1910)

On Tuesday afternoon just as the sun was setting and already lost behind the dark threatening clouds, and the great Brazos flood was hanging over its valley from hill to hill and dealing death and destruction, one who had already given up the fight and calling for rest chose that day, full of sorrow, gloom and pathos, as the closing chapter of a long life and career, fully in keeping with the scenes around him, Wyatt M. Brooks, at the age of eight-five years and ten months, without pain or sickness, just simply became weary of his burdens and quit the fight and went to sleep and one more of the few remaining old citizens and Texas pioneers has vanished, leaving the work he began to a younger generation.

For 43 years he lived at the Brooks home on the hill overlooking the town and noted every change during all these years. The only near relatives he leaves is one sister in Waller county, one brother in Hays county and one son, J. W. Brooks, of this place, who is a surveyor and prominently know here.

Wyatt Marion Brooks was born in Upshur county, Georgia, January 24, 1828, of American parentage. On his father's side the Scotch blood prevailed, while on his mother's side, the Irish blood prevailed. He was the second son and third child of a family of eight children all reaching adult age in life and all save one reaching the age of 50 years or more.

When about 14 years of age his father removed from Georgia to Alabama. Here the subject of this sketch grew to Manhood, familiar with all the joys and hardships incident to poor people in a new country. Upon reaching his majority, he started in life overseeing for two bachelor brothers, whose father's home was on Sundays and other rest days, and it was to this aged man of conservative thought, wealth and influence, that he ever, in after life, pointed to as the guiding star of his earthly aims and hopes, it was to this man's precepts that made him an unfaltering Unionist during the exciting days just before our civil war. But when his adopted State (Texas) seceded, he volunteered and joined the ranks to defend his country in a cause which he believed to be wrong.

In January, 1852, W. M. Brooks removed to Texas and settled at Semponius; two years later he removed to Bellville, where he remained in and around until his death. After coming to Texas, he followed the carpenter's trade, together with cotton gin and press pin press (???) until the breaking out of the civil war.

In 1855, he married Louise Jane Atkinson, a native of Austin county, who died August 20th, 1894. Early in 1861 he joined the Confederate army, 26th Texas Cavalry, known as DeBray's Regiment, Company H, Frank Dupree, Captain, in which command he remained until the close of the war in 1865.

The first two years of the war were spent in and around Galveston, doing coast duties. The remaining two years were spent in facing the enemy in real warfare. After the war, he returned home to his family, wrecked in physical health and of his meager accumulations of worldly possessions, and started in life anew as best he could. In boyhood he was familiar with Indian outbreaks and murders, notably that of the burning and almost total destruction of the inhabitants of Ronevak, Ga., a small town near where his father lived. Has killed bear within two and a half miles of the court house at Bellville and deer, turkeys and smaller game almost within the town limits. Quite a number of times he has pointed out the buildings still standing that were here when he came to Bellville, all of which have been removed except one now owned, and occupied by S. A. Hill.

Family links:
Williamson Brooks (1800 - 1879)
Susannah Olliff Brooks (1800 - 1851)

Louisa Jane Atkinson Brooks (1836 - 1894)*

John Williamson Brooks (1856 - 1939)*

Mary Jordan Brooks Whittington (1823 - 1903)*
John Clark Brooks (1825 - 1891)*
Wyatt Marion Brooks (1828 - 1913)
Allen Turner Brooks (1830 - 1912)*
Robert Wright Brooks (1833 - 1907)*
Sarah E. Brooks Shelburne (1836 - 1914)*
Francis Asberry Brooks (1837 - 1897)**
Elisa Brooks Ferguson (1846 - 1871)**

*Calculated relationship

Atkinson Cemetery
Austin County
Texas, USA

Created by: DSmith
Record added: Sep 29, 2008
Find A Grave Memorial# 30176608 
Brooks Wyatt Marion
200 Footnote 302:

Westmoreland Deed and Wills, 1747 - 1753; pp 121 - 123; George Leazure Brown, and wife, Betty, of St Stephens Parish, Northumberland Co, on 24 Mar 1750, leased to ROBERT and JOHN MIDDLETON, son "to said Eleanor Booth deced., 100 acres in Cople, Westmoreland, formerly belonging to William Shoars. [ Shears? the last husband of Elizabeth Berry Knott Bennett Mann Tingley Shears ], from Shoars to Wm Short and from him to George Leazure, 23 Feb 1703, and from Leazure to his daughter, Eleanor, mother of said George L Brown, land bounded by BENJAMIN MIDDLETON, Samuel Harrison, John Harrison and ROBERT MIDDLETON. witnesses: WM MIDDLETON, JEREMIAH MIDDLETON, William Allgood (Ancestor of Reuben Algood) and BENEDICK MIDDLETON, signed by George Leazure Brown and Betty Brown and recorded 17 Apr 1751.

Brown George Leazure

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